How to format your references using the Research in Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frankel, M. S. (2012). Regulating the boundaries of dual-use research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1523–1525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, W., & Koonin, E. V. (2006). Introns and the origin of nucleus-cytosol compartmentalization. Nature, 440(7080), 41–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon, S.-M., Chandel, N. S., & Hay, N. (2012). AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature, 485(7400), 661–665.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vu, D., Szöke, S., Wiwie, C., Baumbach, J., Cardinali, G., Röttger, R., & Robert, V. (2014). Massive fungal biodiversity data re-annotation with multi-level clustering. Scientific Reports, 4, 6837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marks, K. H., Robbins, L. E., Fernández, G., Funkhouser, J. P., & Williams, D. L. (2009). The Handbook of Financing Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ravenel, J. G. (Ed.). (2013). Lung Cancer Imaging. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, S. I., & Kim, B. (2012). Illustrations. In S. H. Kim (Ed.), Radiology Illustrated: Gynecologic Imaging (pp. 35–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 11). Exercise Massively Increases Life Expectancy Of Brain-Damaged Mice. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). School Lunch: Implementing Nutrition Changes Was Challenging and Clarification of Oversight Requirements Is Needed (GAO-14-104). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chlarson-Varner, G. (2010). Falls among older adults 65 years and older [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2013, August 25). Not at First Sight, or Even the First Dozen. New York Times, ST12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frankel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Frankel, 2012; Martin & Koonin, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin & Koonin, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Jeon et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Mathematics Education
AbbreviationRes. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)1479-4802
ISSN (online)1754-0178
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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