How to format your references using the Research in Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordhaus, W. D. (2001). Climate change. Global warming economics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1283–1284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mashburn, L. M., & Whiteley, M. (2005). Membrane vesicles traffic signals and facilitate group activities in a prokaryote. Nature, 437(7057), 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Roy, P., Daley, A. C., & Briggs, D. E. G. (2015). Anomalocaridid trunk limb homology revealed by a giant filter-feeder with paired flaps. Nature, 522(7554), 77–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Terabe, K., Hasegawa, T., Nakayama, T., & Aono, M. (2005). Quantized conductance atomic switch. Nature, 433(7021), 47–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe, V. J. (2015). Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dodero, J. M., Palomo-Duarte, M., & Karampiperis, P. (Eds.). (2012). Metadata and Semantics Research: 6th Research Conference, MTSR 2012, Cádiz, Spain, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 343). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Litchfield, N. (2010). Running Oracle on Windows. In P. Finnigan, R. Geist, A. Gorbachev, T. Gorman, C. Green, C. Hooper, J. Lewis, N. Litchfield, K. Morton, R. Sands, J. Senegačnik, U. Shaft, R. Shamsudeen, J. Wilton, & G. Wood (Eds.), Expert Oracle Practices: Oracle Database Administration from the Oak Table (pp. 111–130). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, September 18). King Richard III Suffered Nine Blows to the Skull. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Better Accountability Procedures Needed in NSF and NIH Research Grant Systems (PAD-81-29). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs, A. D. (2010). The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Montague, J. (2017, June 27). For the Obscure, a Welcome Payday. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nordhaus, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005; Nordhaus, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Van Roy et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Terabe et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Mathematics Education
AbbreviationRes. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)1479-4802
ISSN (online)1754-0178
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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