How to format your references using the Research in Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visvader, J. E. (2011). Cells of origin in cancer. Nature, 469(7330), 314–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowley, D. B., & Currie, B. S. (2006). Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola basin, central Tibet. Nature, 439(7077), 677–681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N. J., Hartley, I. R., & Parker, G. A. (2002). Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature, 416(6882), 733–736.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lanin, A. A., Voronin, A. A., Fedotov, A. B., & Zheltikov, A. M. (2014). Time-domain spectroscopy in the mid-infrared. Scientific Reports, 4, 6670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus, J.-M. (2013). Risk Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rangel-Buitrago, N. (2015). Risk Assessment of Storms in Coastal Zones: Case Studies from Cartagena (Colombia) and Cadiz (Spain) (G. Anfuso, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wan, K., Alagar, V., & Paquet, J. (2006). An Architecture for Developing Context-Aware Systems. In T. R. Roth-Berghofer, S. Schulz, & D. B. Leake (Eds.), Modeling and Retrieval of Context: Second International Workshop, MRC 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 31–August 1, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 48–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 27). Mass Extinction Helped Preserve the Tracks of Swimming Reptiles. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transportation Security: Action Needed to Strengthen TSA’s Security Threat Assessment Process (GAO-13-629). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilbur, L. J. (2017). Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2011, March 18). Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Visvader, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rowley & Currie, 2006; Visvader, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowley & Currie, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Royle et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lanin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Mathematics Education
AbbreviationRes. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)1479-4802
ISSN (online)1754-0178
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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