How to format your references using the Research in International Business and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in International Business and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Omelon, S., 2004. Graduate journal: conference survival. Nature 427, 570.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, E.M., Bar-Yam, Y., 2004. Theory predicts the uneven distribution of genetic diversity within species. Nature 431, 449–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winston, W.M., Molodowitch, C., Hunter, C.P., 2002. Systemic RNAi in C. elegans requires the putative transmembrane protein SID-1. Science 295, 2456–2459.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Engelmann, J., Hanke, W., Mogdans, J., Bleckmann, H., 2000. Hydrodynamic stimuli and the fish lateral line. Nature 408, 51–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., Dalgleish, E., 2006. Corporate Actions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Dovey, J., 2012. Beginning Objective-C. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Salomaa, R., 2014. Coaching of Key Talents in Multinational Companies, in: Al Ariss, A. (Ed.), Global Talent Management: Challenges, Strategies, and Opportunities, Management for Professionals. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in International Business and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Thousands Of These Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Up Along California Shores [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. The Cost Of Aerospace Ground Equipment Could Be Reduced (No. B-177751). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Todman, J.V., 2016. Applicability of health care leadership competence and leadership behaviors for women’s achieving health care executive status (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Jets May Change, But Ryan Says He Won’t. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Omelon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Omelon, 2004; Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Engelmann et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in International Business and Finance
AbbreviationRes. Int. Bus. Fin.
ISSN (print)0275-5319
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Other styles