How to format your references using the Research in International Business and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in International Business and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz, J., 2001. The stability against freezing of an internal liquid-water ocean in Callisto. Nature 412, 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer, S., Frenkel, D., 2001. Prediction of absolute crystal-nucleation rate in hard-sphere colloids. Nature 409, 1020–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, D., Barman, S., Barman, A., 2014. Magnetic vortex based transistor operations. Sci. Rep. 4, 4108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hatsugai, N., Kuroyanagi, M., Yamada, K., Meshi, T., Tsuda, S., Kondo, M., Nishimura, M., Hara-Nishimura, I., 2004. A plant vacuolar protease, VPE, mediates virus-induced hypersensitive cell death. Science 305, 855–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coenen, T., 2008. Essentials of Corporate Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Münch, J., Yang, Y., Schäfer, W. (Eds.), 2010. New Modeling Concepts for Today’s Software Processes: International Conference on Software Process, ICSP 2010, Paderborn, Germany, July 8-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, S.-J., Lan, Y.-C., Tsai, W.-C., Hu, Y.-H., 2012. Energy-Aware Task Scheduling for Noc-Based DVS System, in: Lan, Y.-C., Tsai, W.-C., Hu, Y.-H. (Eds.), Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in International Business and Finance.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. This Is What A World Map Looks Like When Scaled According To Population Size [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Information Technology Workers: Employment and Starting Salaries (No. HEHS-98-159R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rawashdeh, M.Y., 2013. A Relational Framework for Clustering and Cluster Validity and the Generalization of the Silhouette Measure (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shultz, G.P., 2015. O’Reilly, Wrong on Reagan. New York Times A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Auer and Frenkel, 2001; Ruiz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Auer and Frenkel, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hatsugai et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in International Business and Finance
AbbreviationRes. Int. Bus. Fin.
ISSN (print)0275-5319
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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