How to format your references using the Research in International Business and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in International Business and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markl, H., 2001. Research doesn’t denigrate humanity. Nature 412, 479–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gross, R.A., Kalra, B., 2002. Biodegradable polymers for the environment. Science 297, 803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, P., Jacobson, M.K., Mitchison, T.J., 2004. Poly(ADP-ribose) is required for spindle assembly and structure. Nature 432, 645–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huigens, M.E., Luck, R.F., Klaassen, R.H., Maas, M.F., Timmermans, M.J., Stouthamer, R., 2000. Infectious parthenogenesis. Nature 405, 178–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina, M., 2013. Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Holzer, M., Kutrib, M. (Eds.), 2014. Implementation and Application of Automata: 19th International Conference, CIAA 2014, Giessen, Germany, July 30 – August 2, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Irfan Rafique, M., Porsch, M., Bauschert, T., 2011. Simple Modifications in HWMP for Wireless Mesh Networks with Smart Antennas, in: Lehnert, R. (Ed.), Energy-Aware Communications: 17th International Workshop, EUNICE 2011, Dresden, Germany, September 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 21–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in International Business and Finance.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment Lets Scientists Watch Molecules In Two States At Once [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Significant Risks Remain to Department of Education’s Student Financial Aid Systems (No. T-AIMD-98-302). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, L.A., 2014. The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2016. Bored, Broke and Armed: The Seeds of South Side Gang Violence. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markl, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gross and Kalra, 2002; Markl, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gross and Kalra, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huigens et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in International Business and Finance
AbbreviationRes. Int. Bus. Fin.
ISSN (print)0275-5319
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Other styles