How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutscher, M.-A. (2004). Geoscience. What caused the great Lisbon earthquake? Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5688), 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saul, J., & Vinnik, L. (2003). Earth science: Mantle deformation or processing artefact? Nature, 422(6928), 136; discussion 136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bordenstein, S. R., O’Hara, F. P., & Werren, J. H. (2001). Wolbachia-induced incompatibility precedes other hybrid incompatibilities in Nasonia. Nature, 409(6821), 707–710.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown, M., Bristow, R., Glazer, P., Hill, R., McBride, W., McKenna, G., & Muschel, R. (2003). Comment on “Tumor response to radiotherapy regulated by endothelial cell apoptosis” (II). Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1894; author reply 1894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, S. F. (2005). Analysis and Design of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sabadini, I., & Struppa, D. C. (Eds.). (2012). The Mathematical Legacy of Leon Ehrenpreis (Vol. 16). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buendía-García, F., & Benlloch-Dualde, J. V. (2012). Concept Maps and Patterns for Designing Learning Scenarios Based on Digital-Ink Technologies. In P. Vittorini, R. Gennari, I. Marenzi, F. de la Prieta, & J. M. C. Rodríguez (Eds.), International Workshop on Evidence-Based Technology Enhanced Learning (pp. 27–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 8). Video: Rare Sighting of Live Oarfish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Financial Audit: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements (GAO-05-591R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabares, M. (2015). Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, December 16). Nation’s ‘First Suburb’ Aims to Be Most ‘Green.’ New York Times, 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gutscher, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gutscher, 2004; Saul & Vinnik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saul & Vinnik, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bordenstein et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brown et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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