How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. (2011). Archaeology. America’s lost city. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1618–1623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephenson, N. L., & Das, A. J. (2011). Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’’ optimum elevations".” Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, L., Li, X., & Snider, W. D. (2015). Neurodevelopment. “RASopathic” astrocytes constrain neural plasticity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6235), 636–637.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ali, M., Sugimoto, K., Ramadan, A., & Arimura, G.-I. (2013). Memory of plant communications for priming anti-herbivore responses. Scientific Reports, 3, 1872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhao, G. (2017). Reuse and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Power Batteries. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Henderson, B. (Ed.). (2013). Moonlighting Cell Stress Proteins in Microbial Infections. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Garbett, D. (2014). Lessons on the Hoof: Learning About Teacher Education Through Horse-Riding. In A. Ovens & T. Fletcher (Eds.), Self-Study in Physical Education Teacher Education: Exploring the interplay of practice and scholarship (pp. 63–73). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 17). Methane Hunting Tool Could Boost The Search For Extraterrestrials.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Management Agenda for the Presidential and Congressional Transition: Develop and Manage Information Technology to Meet the Government’s Needs (No. D15086). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pookcharoen, S. (2009). Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, N. (2014, May 9). Medicaid Shift Fuels Rush for Profitable Clients. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler, 2011; Stephenson & Das, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephenson & Das, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Xing, Li, & Snider, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ali, Sugimoto, Ramadan, & Arimura, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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