How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lopez, S. (2008). Astronomy. The universe measured with a comb. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1301–1302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kioussis, D., & Georgopoulos, K. (2007). Epigenetic flexibility underlying lineage choices in the adaptive immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 620–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norouzzadeh, P., Myles, C. W., & Vashaee, D. (2014). Prediction of giant thermoelectric power factor in type-VIII clathrate Si46. Scientific Reports, 4, 7028.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H., Terazono, H., Takei, H., & Yasuda, K. (2014). Cup-shaped superparamagnetic hemispheres for size-selective cell filtration. Scientific Reports, 4, 6362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, D. (2007). TKO Management! John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cortesi, A., Chaki, N., Saeed, K., & Wierzchoń, S. (Eds.). (2012). Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 11th IFIP TC 8 International Conference, CISIM 2012, Venice, Italy, September 26-28, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7564). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Humbert, J. S., & Hyslop, A. M. (2012). Insect tangential cell analogues and implications for efficient visuomotor control. In J. A. C. Humphrey & M. V. Srinivasan (Eds.), Frontiers in Sensing: From Biology to Engineering (pp. 57–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 5). Japanese Black Bears Are Ecosystem Engineers, Bringing Light Into Forests. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Business Systems Modernization: IRS Has Satisfied Congressional Direction on the Custodial Accounting Project (GAO-01-444R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lintott, R. W. (2010). The manipulation of time perception in John Adams’s “Doctor Atomic” [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, June 1). TV’s New Jukebox: Songs Steal the Scene. New York Times, AR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lopez, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kioussis & Georgopoulos, 2007; Lopez, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kioussis & Georgopoulos, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Norouzzadeh et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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