How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacLeod, K. (2000). The Oort crowd. Nature, 406(6792), 129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bshary, R., & Grutter, A. S. (2006). Image scoring and cooperation in a cleaner fish mutualism. Nature, 441(7096), 975–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haynes, J.-D., Deichmann, R., & Rees, G. (2005). Eye-specific effects of binocular rivalry in the human lateral geniculate nucleus. Nature, 438(7067), 496–499.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gijsbers, E. F., van Nuenen, A. C., de la Peňa, A. T., Bowles, E. J., Stewart-Jones, G. B., Schuitemaker, H., & Kootstra, N. A. (2014). Low level of HIV-1 evolution after transmission from mother to child. Scientific Reports, 4, 5079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, R. P., & Greene, S. A. (2005). Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmed, R. (2014). Collaborative Web Hosting: Challenges and Research Directions. (R. Boutaba, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Antonenko, P. D., van Gog, T., & Paas, F. (2014). Implications of Neuroimaging for Educational Research. In J. M. Spector, M. D. Merrill, J. Elen, & M. J. Bishop (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology (pp. 51–63). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 27). More Fast Radio Bursts Have Been Detected From Auriga. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Evaluation of Unit Cost Reports Submitted Under Public Law 97-86, Section 917 (No. MASAD-82-36). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hartley, D. L. (2010). Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2006, May 14). New Audio Books Pack a Lot More Prose. New York Times, p. TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacLeod, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bshary & Grutter, 2006; MacLeod, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bshary & Grutter, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Haynes, Deichmann, & Rees, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gijsbers et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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