How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2004). All systems go. Nature, 427(6974), 568–569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kimble, J., & Page, D. C. (2007). The mysteries of sexual identity. The germ cell’s perspective. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 400–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttle, K. B., Thomsen, M. A., & Power, M. E. (2007). Species interactions reverse grassland responses to changing climate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5812), 640–642.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yildiz, A., Tomishige, M., Vale, R. D., & Selvin, P. R. (2004). Kinesin walks hand-over-hand. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5658), 676–678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I. (2012). Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta, N. S. (Ed.). (2011). Chitin: Formation and Diagenesis (Vol. 34). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ducki, A., Welter, F., & Günther, J. (2016). Neue Kooperationsformen und regionale Identitäten. In S. Jeschke, I. Isenhardt, F. Hees, & K. Henning (Eds.), Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2015/2016 (pp. 51–57). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 26). How Ancient Warm Periods Can Help Predict Future Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Facial Recognition Technology: Commercial Uses, Privacy Issues, and Applicable Federal Law (GAO-15-621). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaramella, J. (2013). Physical activity and red light foods consumed in ASPIRE-VA veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, March 3). Is It a Fight Over Fast Food Or the People Who Eat It? New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2004; Kimble & Page, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kimble & Page, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Suttle et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yildiz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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