How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves, J. S. (2005). Disks around stars and the growth of planetary systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helms, B., & Meijer, E. W. (2006). Chemistry. Dendrimers at work. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shcherbina, A. Y., Talley, L. D., & Rudnick, D. L. (2003). Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1952–1955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Trumpp, A., Refaeli, Y., Oskarsson, T., Gasser, S., Murphy, M., Martin, G. R., & Bishop, J. M. (2001). c-Myc regulates mammalian body size by controlling cell number but not cell size. Nature, 414(6865), 768–773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pashley, R. M., & Karaman, M. E. (2005). Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baxter, J. (2016). Speaking as Women Leaders: Meetings in Middle Eastern and Western Contexts (H. Al A’ali, Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Khalaf, Z., & Palicot, J. (2014). New Blind Free-Band Detectors Exploiting Cyclic Autocorrelation Function Sparsity. In M.-G. Di Benedetto & F. Bader (Eds.), Cognitive Communication and Cooperative HetNet Coexistence: Selected Advances on Spectrum Sensing, Learning, and Security Approaches (pp. 91–117). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 10). Beer Hops May Protect Against Liver Disease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Chief Information Officers: Responsibilities and Information Technology Governance at Leading Private-Sector Companies (GAO-05-986). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, K. S. (2008). Towards an improved baton technique: The application and modification of conducting gestures drawn from the methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for enhanced performance of orchestral interpretations [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, September 30). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greaves, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Greaves, 2005; Helms & Meijer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helms & Meijer, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Shcherbina et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Trumpp et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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