How to format your references using the Research in Developmental Disabilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Developmental Disabilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2002). Rising star crashes back to Earth. Nature, 419(6906), 420–421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit, T., & Le Goff, L. (2007). Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature, 450(7167), 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branco, T., Clark, B. A., & Häusser, M. (2010). Dendritic discrimination of temporal input sequences in cortical neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1671–1675.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown, S., Heinisch, I., Ross, E., Shaw, K., Buckley, C. D., & Savill, J. (2002). Apoptosis disables CD31-mediated cell detachment from phagocytes promoting binding and engulfment. Nature, 418(6894), 200–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola, B. (2013). Markov Chains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Michel, R. P., & Berry, G. J. (Eds.). (2016). Pathology of Transplantation: A Practical Diagnostic Approach. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Keith, M., & Schnicariol, M. (2010). Object-Relational Mapping. In M. Schnicariol (Ed.), Pro JPA 2: Mastering the JavaTM Persistence API (pp. 69–106). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). What Is The Largest Known Object In The Universe? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Can the Federal Communications Commission Successfully Implement Its Computer II Decision? (CED-82-38). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Asare, K. B. (2016). Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, July 1). The Bonds That Broke Puerto Rico. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2002; Lecuit & Le Goff, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lecuit & Le Goff, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Branco et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brown et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Developmental Disabilities
AbbreviationRes. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0891-4222
ScopeClinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles