How to format your references using the Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arns M 2014 Open access is tiring out peer reviewers Nature 515 467
A journal article with 2 authors
Seelig B and Szostak J W 2007 Selection and evolution of enzymes from a partially randomized non-catalytic scaffold Nature 448 828–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Snyder S A, Gollner A and Chiriac M I 2011 Regioselective reactions for programmable resveratrol oligomer synthesis Nature 474 461–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hermans E J, van Marle H J F, Ossewaarde L, Henckens M J A G, Qin S, van Kesteren M T R, Schoots V C, Cousijn H, Rijpkema M, Oostenveld R and Fernández G 2011 Stress-related noradrenergic activity prompts large-scale neural network reconfiguration Science 334 1151–3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S 2005 Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Wooding P 2008 Comparative Placentation: Structures, Functions and Evolution ed G Burton (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Cao L, Zhang C, Yu P S and Zhao Y 2010 D 3 M AKD Frameworks Domain Driven Data Mining ed P S Yu, C Zhang and Y Zhao (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 93–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Indonesia Sets Fire To Endangered Stuffed Animals In Their Fight Against Poachers IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Traffic Safety Data: State Data System Quality Varies and Limited Resources and Coordination Can Inhibit Further Progress (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faughn C E 2014 Social and Physical Cognition in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes ): Preliminary Investigation of Domain-General versus Domain-Specific Intelligence Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K 2003 Read All About It, Every Day for 70 Years New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Astronomy and Astrophysics
AbbreviationRes. Astron. Astrophys.
ISSN (print)1674-4527
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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