How to format your references using the Reliability Engineering and System Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reliability Engineering and System Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pokrovsky V. Science policy. Russia targets Western ties. Science 2015;349:224–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pyle J, Harris N. Joe Farman (1930-2013). Nature 2013;498:435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rand DG, Greene JD, Nowak MA. Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 2012;489:427–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Agliari E, Barra A, Burioni R, Di Biasio A, Uguzzoni G. Collective behaviours: from biochemical kinetics to electronic circuits. Sci Rep 2013;3:3458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R. 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Luisi PL, Stano P, editors. The Minimal Cell: The Biophysics of Cell Compartment and the Origin of Cell Functionality. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Acs ZJ. New Firm Formation and the Region: Empirical Results from the United States. In: Santarelli E, editor. Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation: The Dynamics of Firms and Industries, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006, p. 105–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reliability Engineering and System Safety.

Blog post
Hale T. Gucci’s Parent Company Buys A Python Farm In Thailand. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace J. A Correlational Study of the Relationship Between TEAS V and Success in Licensed Practical Nursing Students. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Borrowing to Replenish Depleted Pensions. New York Times 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReliability Engineering and System Safety
AbbreviationReliab. Eng. Syst. Saf.
ISSN (print)0951-8320
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles