How to format your references using the Redox Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Redox Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.L. O’Brien, Physics. Precision without entanglement, Science. 318 (2007) 1393–1394.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Barbi, J.W. Vaupel, Comment on “Inflammatory exposure and historical changes in human life-spans,” Science. 308 (2005) 1743; author reply 1743.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Hansen, W.R. Turrell, S. Østerhus, Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950, Nature. 411 (2001) 927–930.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Ahlawat, F. Xie, Y. Zhu, R. D’Hondt, X. Ding, Q.-Y. Zhang, N.J. Mantis, Mice deficient in intestinal epithelium cytochrome P450 reductase are prone to acute toxin-induced mucosal damage, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5551.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Storhas, Bioverfahrensentwicklung, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
H.D. Suit, Evolution of Radiation Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Najnudel, A. Nikeghbali, A Remarkable σ-finite Measure Associated with Last Passage Times and Penalisation Problems, in: C. Chiarella, A. Novikov (Eds.), Contemporary Quantitative Finance: Essays in Honour of Eckhard Platen, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Redox Biology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Music Of The Genome Hits A Discord With Autism, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Fundamental Changes Needed To Achieve Effective Enforcement of Radio Communication Regulations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.S. Sutton, Structural and geophysical interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, The Hatman Closeth, New York Times. (1994) 1310.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRedox Biology
AbbreviationRedox Biol.
ISSN (print)2213-2317
Organic Chemistry

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