How to format your references using the REACH citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for REACH. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley WB. Outrageous events: don’t count them out. Science 2000;290:715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sallan L, Galimberti AK. Body-size reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian mass extinction. Science 2015;350:812–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Libby P, Ridker PM, Hansson GK. Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis. Nature 2011;473:317–25.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Berl V, Huc I, Khoury RG, Krische MJ, Lehn JM. Interconversion of single and double helices formed from synthetic molecular strands. Nature 2000;407:720–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel DR. Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Jefferies ME, Yeap W-K, editors. Robotics and Cognitive Approaches to Spatial Mapping. vol. 38. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Merchant TE. Radiation Therapy in the Management of Retinoblastoma. In: Rodriguez-Galindo C, Wilson MW, editors. Retinoblastoma, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for REACH.

Blog post
Andrew E. Trial Shows New Vaccine Safe And Effective Against 9 Strains Of HPV. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pockross AF. Campbell, Turner and dog training in Adam Freeman Pockross’s “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Mother Fixation. New York Times 2000:79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleREACH
ISSN (print)2352-3093
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles