How to format your references using the REACH citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for REACH. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hafner SD. Ecology: Is fertilization efficiency misleading? Nature 2003;422:397–8; discussion 398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roska B, Werblin F. Vertical interactions across ten parallel, stacked representations in the mammalian retina. Nature 2001;410:583–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tremblay S, Shiller DM, Ostry DJ. Somatosensory basis of speech production. Nature 2003;423:866–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Buchanan GM, Beresford AE, Hebblewhite M, Escobedo FJ, De Klerk HM, Donald PF, et al. Free satellite data key to conservation. Science 2018;361:139–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Etten WC. Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Rane A, Cadeddu JA, Desai MM, Gill IS, editors. Scar-Less Surgery: NOTES, Transumbilical, and Others. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Aguilar Chinea RM, Castilla Rodríguez I, Muñoz González RC. Hospital Resource Management. In: Merkuryev Y, Merkuryeva G, Piera MÀ, Guasch A, editors. Simulation-Based Case Studies in Logistics: Education and Applied Research, London: Springer; 2009, p. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for REACH.

Blog post
Luntz S. Long Periods Of Poverty Linked To Loss Of Brain Function. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Difficulties of the Neighborhood Youth Corps In-School Program and Its Management Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL. From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzgerald A. Worlds in a Cell. New York Times 2017:BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleREACH
ISSN (print)2352-3093
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles