How to format your references using the Rare Cancers and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rare Cancers and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gaspar PP. Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last. Science. 2002;297:785–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bochman ML, Schwacha A. DNA replication: Strand separation unravelled. Nature. 2015;524:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Homer H, Gui L, Carroll J. A spindle assembly checkpoint protein functions in prophase I arrest and prometaphase progression. Science. 2009;326:991–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee J, Fujita K, Schmidt AR, Kim CK, Eisaki H, Uchida S, et al. Spectroscopic fingerprint of phase-incoherent superconductivity in the cuprate pseudogap state [corrected]. Science. 2009;325:1099–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saksena FB. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Uden L, Heričko M, Ting I-H, editors. Knowledge Management in Organizations: 10th International Conference, KMO 2015, Maribor, Slovenia, August 24-28, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sherman CH, Butler JL. Transducers as Hydrophones. In: Butler JL, editor. Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 152–212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rare Cancers and Therapy.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Goodbye, Rosetta: World Bids Farewell As Spacecraft Ends Mission With Comet Impact [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/goodbye-rosetta-world-bids-farewell-as-spacecraft-ends-mission-with-comet-impact/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Study of Guaranteed Student Loan Bankruptcy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Apr. Report No.: HRD-77-80.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeSpain L. The relationship between police supervisor training and job satisfaction levels as reported by patrol officers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Lost in Paris. New York Times. 2017 Jun 15;C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRare Cancers and Therapy
ISSN (print)2195-6014
ISSN (online)2195-6022
Scope

Other styles