How to format your references using the Rare Cancers and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rare Cancers and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fergany N. Islam and Science: steps towards reform. Nature. 2006;444:33–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Choi YJ, Lee SY. Microbial production of short-chain alkanes. Nature. 2013;502:571–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rao JN, Madasu Y, Dominguez R. Mechanism of actin filament pointed-end capping by tropomodulin. Science. 2014;345:463–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu W-J, Tian K, Jiang H, Yu H-Q. Facile synthesis of highly efficient and recyclable magnetic solid acid from biomass waste. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chan NH, Wong HY. Handbook of Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Yamaguchi Y, editor. Immunotherapy of Cancer: An Innovative Treatment Comes of Age. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dresselhaus M, Lin Y-M, Rabin O, Black M, Kong J, Dresselhaus G. Nanowires. In: Bhushan B, editor. Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 113–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rare Cancers and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Giant Extinct Volcano Discovered In Pacific Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-202R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Himschoot AR. Student perception of relevance of biology content to everyday life: A study in higher education biology courses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Liptak A, Walsh MW. Top Court Will Decide Puerto Rico Debt Cases. New York Times. 2015 Dec 5;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRare Cancers and Therapy
ISSN (print)2195-6014
ISSN (online)2195-6022
Scope

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