How to format your references using the Metabolic Brain Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolic Brain Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelin Y (2005) Geochemistry. A tale of early Earth told in zircons. Science 310:1914–1915
A journal article with 2 authors
Vasseur DA, Fox JW (2009) Phase-locking and environmental fluctuations generate synchrony in a predator-prey community. Nature 460:1007–1010
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma J, Angelucci A, Sur M (2000) Induction of visual orientation modules in auditory cortex. Nature 404:841–847
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wernsdorfer W, Aliaga-Alcalde N, Hendrickson DN, Christou G (2002) Exchange-biased quantum tunnelling in a supramolecular dimer of single-molecule magnets. Nature 416:406–409

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher VM, Proudovsky AM (2016) Hydraulic Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Peters CJ (ed) (2013) Precedent in the United States Supreme Court. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Batzli SA (2014) Mapping United States Breweries 1612 to 2011. In: Patterson M, Hoalst-Pullen N (eds) The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolic Brain Disease.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) The Perils Of A Life In Isolation. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/the-perils-of-a-life-in-isolation/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Federal Research: NIH and EPA Need to Improve Conflict of Interest Reviews for Research Arrangements with Private Sector Entities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin L-M (2010) Transformation in Chinese Theatre Works’ the Legend of White Snake. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2008) Top Court Allows Suit Over 401(k). New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Amelin 2005; Vasseur and Fox 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vasseur and Fox 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wernsdorfer et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolic Brain Disease
AbbreviationMetab. Brain Dis.
ISSN (print)0885-7490
ISSN (online)1573-7365
ScopeBiochemistry
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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