How to format your references using the Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
McLeish T. Chemistry. Polymers without beginning or end. Science. 2002 Sep;297(5589):2005–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Li J, Cheng J-X. Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct;4:6807.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Waghmare PR, Gunda NSK, Mitra SK. Under-water superoleophobicity of fish scales. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec;4:7454.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Valleron AJ, Boelle PY, Will R, Cesbron JY. Estimation of epidemic size and incubation time based on age characteristics of vCJD in the United Kingdom. Science. 2001 Nov;294(5547):1726–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Arboleda H, Royer J-C. Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Gärtner B. Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Pye K, Tsoar H. Mechanics of Aeolian Sand Transport. In: Tsoar H, editor. Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009; pp 99–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopathology.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Squirrel Leprosy Experiment To Take Place In Southern England [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/squirrel-leprosy-experiment-take-place-southern-england/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Many Poor Children and Strained Resources Challenge Head Start. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sindel J. Vulnerability towards disordered eating in students registered in general education nutrition classes. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Jeffries MP. The Rage in Harlem, and Beyond. New York Times. 2017 Aug;BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopathology
AbbreviationPsychopathology
ISSN (print)0254-4962
ISSN (online)1423-033X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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