How to format your references using the Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fukami T. IBI* series winner. Integrating inquiry-based teaching with faculty research. Science. 2013 Mar;339(6127):1536–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowland DC, Moser M-B. Neuroscience: A three-dimensional neural compass. Nature. 2015 Jan;517(7533):156–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ainsworth S, Prain V, Tytler R. Science education. Drawing to learn in science. Science. 2011 Aug;333(6046):1096–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Panchal V, Lartsev A, Manzin A, Yakimova R, Tzalenchuk A, Kazakova O. Visualisation of edge effects in side-gated graphene nanodevices. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul;4:5881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga H. Wittgenstein. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Champagnat J, Denavit-Saubié M, Fortin G, Foutz AS, Thoby-Brisson M, editors. Post-Genomic Perspectives in Modeling and Control of Breathing. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Boer A, van Engers T. Knowledge Acquisition from Sources of Law in Public Administration. In: Cimiano P, Pinto HS, editors. Knowledge Engineering and Management by the Masses: 17th International Conference, EKAW 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, October 11-15, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 44–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopathology.

Blog post
Hale T. People Are Freaking Out At This Apparent Time Traveler Filmed At A Mike Tyson Boxing Match In The ’90s [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A-10 Close Air Support Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpie KR. Enhancement of a canopy reflectance model for understanding the specular and spectral effects of an aquatic background in an inundated tidal marsh. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times. 2017 Jan;BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopathology
ISSN (print)0254-4962
ISSN (online)1423-033X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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