How to format your references using the Computational Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowe D (2007) Sustainability. Education for a sustainable future. Science 317:323–324
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang B, Ohgushi K (2013) Superconductivity in anti-post-Perovskite vanadium compounds. Sci Rep 3:3381
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin I, Alley RB, Holland DM (2012) Ice-sheet response to oceanic forcing. Science 338:1172–1176
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Saze H, Shiraishi A, Miura A, Kakutani T (2008) Control of genic DNA methylation by a jmjC domain-containing protein in Arabidopsis thaliana. Science 319:462–465

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D (2014) Mixed Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rogers A (2010) The Indirect Estimation of Migration: Methods for Dealing with Irregular, Inadequate, and Missing Data. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lagudu S, Rao VVSG, Prasad PR, Sarma VS (2013) Use of Geophysical and Hydrochemical Tools to Investigate Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Alluvial Aquifer, Andhra Pradesh, India. In: Wetzelhuetter C (ed) Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia-Pacific. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) GPS In Fake Tusks Exposes Ivory Smuggling Route. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Land Management Systems: Actions Needed in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nikolova S (2010) Health insurance transitions of SCHIP-eligible children in response to higher public premiums. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) The Shopping Urge Can Hit Anytime. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Mechanics
AbbreviationComput. Mech.
ISSN (print)0178-7675
ISSN (online)1432-0924
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

Other styles