How to format your references using the Computational Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore PD (2000) Conservation biology. Seeds of doubt. Nature 407:683, 685
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinz J, Idsardi W (2011) Psychology. Sentence and word complexity. Science 333:295–297
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines PJ, Wible B, McCartney M (2010) Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 328:447
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ajayan PM, Terrones M, de la Guardia A, et al (2002) Nanotubes in a flash--ignition and reconstruction. Science 296:705

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga ER (2016) The Philosophy of Religion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bliesemann de Guevara B (2016) Myth and Narrative in International Politics: Interpretive Approaches to the Study of IR. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Clover DE, Jayme B de O, Hall BL, Follen S (2013) The Praxis of Environmental Adult Education. In: Jayme B de O, Hall BL, Follen S (eds) The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 43–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Mechanics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Human Stem Cells Help Grow Long Axons in Rat Spines. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) ADP Acquisitions: SSA Should Limit ADP Procurements Until Further Testing Is Performed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hess JP (2012) Exploring the Challenges of Training and Developing Millennials in the Business Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) The Dangerous Cocoon Of King Football. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Mechanics
AbbreviationComput. Mech.
ISSN (print)0178-7675
ISSN (online)1432-0924
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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