How to format your references using the Powder Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Powder Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.V. Tobias, Paleoanthropology. Encore Olduvai, Science. 299 (2003) 1193–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Hinck, Q. Schiermeier, Will industry play a bigger role in Europe’s aims to promote mobility among postdocs?, Nature. 421 (2003) 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Li de la Sierra-Gallay, O. Pellegrini, C. Condon, Structural basis for substrate binding, cleavage and allostery in the tRNA maturase RNase Z, Nature. 433 (2005) 657–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Kundu, C.J. Schlimp, S. Nürnberger, H. Redl, S.C. Kundu, Thromboelastometric and platelet responses to silk biomaterials, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Port, M. Samuels, The Think Big Manifesto, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
B.I. Carr, ed., Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Lagomarsino, S. Cattari, Fragility Functions of Masonry Buildings, in: K. Pitilakis, H. Crowley, A.M. Kaynia (Eds.), SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk: Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 111–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Powder Technology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, EPA Chief Scott Pruitt Just Said Carbon Dioxide Doesn’t Drive Climate Change, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Improved Use of Cargo Space on Ammunition Ships by BetterPlanning, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Merritt, Predicting the Success of Running Back Prospects in the National Football League, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Thinking Out Loud, But Why?, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePowder Technology
AbbreviationPowder Technol.
ISSN (print)0032-5910
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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