How to format your references using the Potential Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potential Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, T.E.: LIFE HISTORY. Age-related mortality explains life history strategies of tropical and temperate songbirds. Science. 349, 966–970 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hu, D.L., Bush, J.W.M.: Meniscus-climbing insects. Nature. 437, 733–736 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Widom, C.S., Czaja, S.J., DuMont, K.A.: Intergenerational transmission of child abuse and neglect: real or detection bias? Science. 347, 1480–1485 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, X.-G., Ding, J., Xu, H., Xuan, T.-M., Jin, W.-Q., Yin, X., Shang, Y.-P., Zhang, F.-R., Zhu, J.-H., Zheng, L.-R.: Comprehensive assessment of the association of WNK4 polymorphisms with hypertension: evidence from a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6507 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malhotra, G.: Chemical Process Simplification. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Conrad, K. ed: Absolute Hospital Medicine Review: An Intensive Question & Answer Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Plummer, J.D.: Challenges in Defining and Validating an Astronomy Learning Progression. In: Alonzo, A.C. and Gotwals, A.W. (eds.) Learning Progressions in Science: Current Challenges and Future Directions. pp. 77–100. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potential Analysis.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Labor Relations: Information on Trends and Impact of Labor Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandom, B.M.: Spiritual and emotional needs of young adults who are members of mainstream Protestant churches, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePotential Analysis
AbbreviationPotential Anal.
ISSN (print)0926-2601
ISSN (online)1572-929X

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