How to format your references using the Potential Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potential Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weimerskirch, H.: Ecology. Seabirds--individuals in colonies. Science. 341, 35–36 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, Y., Bando, Y.: Carbon nanothermometer containing gallium. Nature. 415, 599 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström, G., Nettles, M., Abers, G.A.: Glacial earthquakes. Science. 302, 622–624 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hofheinz, M., Weig, E.M., Ansmann, M., Bialczak, R.C., Lucero, E., Neeley, M., O’Connell, A.D., Wang, H., Martinis, J.M., Cleland, A.N.: Generation of Fock states in a superconducting quantum circuit. Nature. 454, 310–314 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lenk, R., Lenk, C.: Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Hubbs, S.A. ed: Riverbank Filtration Hydrology: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Riverbank Filtration Hydrology Bratislava, Slovakia September 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Mayaux, P., Eva, H., Brink, A., Achard, F., Belward, A.: Remote Sensing of Land-Cover and Land-Use Dynamics. In: Chuvieco, E. (ed.) Earth Observation of Global Change: The Role of Satellite Remote Sensing in Monitoring the Global Environment. pp. 85–108. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potential Analysis.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Test Confirms There’s a Huge Hot Bubble Of Gas Caused By A Supernova In Our Galaxy,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Automatic Data Processing Activity in the Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1975)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, M.: Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Graham, R.: ‘A Second Chance at Choice,’ (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePotential Analysis
AbbreviationPotential Anal.
ISSN (print)0926-2601
ISSN (online)1572-929X

Other styles