How to format your references using the Potential Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potential Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kronfeld, A.S.: Physics. The weight of the world is quantum chromodynamics. Science. 322, 1198–1199 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Slessareva, J.E., Dohlman, H.G.: G protein signaling in yeast: new components, new connections, new compartments. Science. 314, 1412–1413 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Pellizzoni, L., Yong, J., Dreyfuss, G.: Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly. Science. 298, 1775–1779 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jinks, R.N., Markley, T.L., Taylor, E.E., Perovich, G., Dittel, A.I., Epifanio, C.E., Cronin, T.W.: Adaptive visual metamorphosis in a deep-sea hydrothermal vent crab. Nature. 420, 68–70 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J.: Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., Nguyen, N.T. eds: Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 10-12, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen, G.: Condo-ism and Urban Renewal: Insights from Toronto and Jerusalem. In: Lehavi, A. (ed.) Private Communities and Urban Governance: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives. pp. 77–94. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potential Analysis.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Evidence For The Earliest Oxygen-Producing Organisms Found In 3.4-BILLION-Year-Old Rocks


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: College Savings: Information on State Tuition Prepayment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin, Y.-S.: Virtuoso piano transcriptions of Stephen Hough and Marc-André Hamelin: Lisztian tradition in the twenty-first century, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Trudging to Suffrage, On a Swiss Schedule, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePotential Analysis
AbbreviationPotential Anal.
ISSN (print)0926-2601
ISSN (online)1572-929X

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