How to format your references using the Potential Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potential Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karnik, R.N.: Materials science: Breakthrough for protons. Nature. 516, 173–175 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Eichler, E.E., Sankoff, D.: Structural dynamics of eukaryotic chromosome evolution. Science. 301, 793–797 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sempere, T., Hartley, A., Roperch, P.: Comment on “Rapid uplift of the Altiplano revealed through 13C-18O bonds in paleosol carbonates.” Science. 314, 760; author reply 760 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eldar, A., Chary, V.K., Xenopoulos, P., Fontes, M.E., Losón, O.C., Dworkin, J., Piggot, P.J., Elowitz, M.B.: Partial penetrance facilitates developmental evolution in bacteria. Nature. 460, 510–514 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koepsell, D.: Who Owns You? John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Murali, R. ed: Graphene Nanoelectronics: From Materials to Circuits. Springer US, Boston, MA (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Ellingsæter, A.L.: Nordic Politicization of Parenthood: Unfolding Hybridization? In: Richter, M. and Andresen, S. (eds.) The Politicization of Parenthood: Shifting private and public responsibilities in education and child rearing. pp. 39–53. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potential Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Discover New Kind Of Sexual Organ,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: HUD Can Take Additional Actions to Improve Its Governance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, N.: Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E.: Whose Hat?, (1997)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePotential Analysis
AbbreviationPotential Anal.
ISSN (print)0926-2601
ISSN (online)1572-929X

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