How to format your references using the Potential Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potential Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramamurthi, K.S.: Molecular biology. mRNA delivers the goods. Science. 331, 1021–1022 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Alabugin, I., Mohamed, R.K.: Chemistry. A CO₂ cloak for the cyanide dagger. Science. 344, 45–46 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Krishnan, M., Ugaz, V.M., Burns, M.A.: PCR in a Rayleigh-Bénard convection cell. Science. 298, 793 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coull, J.A.M., Boudreau, D., Bachand, K., Prescott, S.A., Nault, F., Sík, A., De Koninck, P., De Koninck, Y.: Trans-synaptic shift in anion gradient in spinal lamina I neurons as a mechanism of neuropathic pain. Nature. 424, 938–942 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal, T., Cheng, Y., Fjeldly, T.A.: Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2003)
An edited book
Rossi, F., Mavelli, F., Stano, P., Caivano, D. eds: Advances in Artificial Life, Evolutionary Computation and Systems Chemistry: 10th Italian Workshop, WIVACE 2015, Bari, Italy, September 22-25, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Gollub, T., Busse, M., Stein, B., Hagen, M.: Keyqueries for Clustering and Labeling. In: Ma, S., Wen, J.-R., Liu, Y., Dou, Z., Zhang, M., Chang, Y., and Zhao, X. (eds.) Information Retrieval Technology: 12th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2016, Beijing, China, November 30 – December 2, 2016, Proceedings. pp. 42–55. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potential Analysis.

Blog post
Evans, K.: Forget What You Heard: Jupiter Does Not Orbit The Sun


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Armored Systems Modernization: Program Inconsistent With Current Threat and Budgetary Constraints. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C.: Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: A Lesson on Slavery With Bite and No Mercy, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePotential Analysis
AbbreviationPotential Anal.
ISSN (print)0926-2601
ISSN (online)1572-929X

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