How to format your references using the Portuguese Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Portuguese Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Türler, Andreas, ‘Nuclear Chemistry: Lawrencium Bridges a Knowledge Gap’, Nature, 520 (2015), 166–67
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurzban, Robert, and H. Clark Barrett, ‘Behavior. Origins of Cumulative Culture’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 335 (2012), 1056–57
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoharan, Vinothan N., Mark T. Elsesser, and David J. Pine, ‘Dense Packing and Symmetry in Small Clusters of Microspheres’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 301 (2003), 483–87
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Phillips, Roger J., Brian J. Davis, Kenneth L. Tanaka, Shane Byrne, Michael T. Mellon, Nathaniel E. Putzig, and others, ‘Massive CO₂ Ice Deposits Sequestered in the South Polar Layered Deposits of Mars’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 332 (2011), 838–41

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pease, Gene, Optimize Your Greatest Asset-Your People (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015)
An edited book
Wolpert, David, Managing Temperature Effects in Nanoscale Adaptive Systems, ed. by Paul Ampadu (New York, NY: Springer, 2012)
A chapter in an edited book
O’Hara, Kate E., ‘Unraveling Technology Use in Urban Schools’, in Transforming Urban Education: Urban Teachers and Students Working Collaboratively, ed. by Kenneth Tobin and Ashraf Shady (Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014), pp. 71–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Portuguese Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan, ‘Dramatic Video Of Yesterday’s SpaceX Rocket Explosion, And What It Means For The Company’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2016) <https://www.iflscience.com/space/dramatic-video-of-spacex-rocket-explosion-and-what-it-means-for-the-company/&#62; [accessed 30 October 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Operations: NASA Efforts to Develop and Deploy Advanced Spacecraft Computers (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 31 March 1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loretz, Natalie, ‘Human Trafficking: Identification, Education, and Awareness: A Grant Proposal’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, Mary M., and Micheline Maynard, ‘Thousands Line Up at Ballpark For Farewell to Voice of Tigers’, New York Times, 7 May 2010, p. B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Andreas Türler, ‘Nuclear Chemistry: Lawrencium Bridges a Knowledge Gap’, Nature, 520.7546 (2015), 166–67..
This sentence cites two references Andreas Türler, ‘Nuclear Chemistry: Lawrencium Bridges a Knowledge Gap’, Nature, 520.7546 (2015), 166–67; Robert Kurzban and H. Clark Barrett, ‘Behavior. Origins of Cumulative Culture’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 335.6072 (2012), 1056–57..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Roger J. Phillips and others, ‘Massive CO₂ Ice Deposits Sequestered in the South Polar Layered Deposits of Mars’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 332.6031 (2011), 838–41.

About the journal

Full journal titlePortuguese Studies
ISSN (print)0267-5315
ISSN (online)2222-4270
ScopeHistory
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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