How to format your references using the Portuguese Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Portuguese Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saksida, Lisa M., ‘Neuroscience. Remembering Outside the Box’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 325.5936 (2009), 40–41
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Feng, and Mark A. Krasnow, ‘Progenitor Outgrowth from the Niche in Drosophila Trachea Is Guided by FGF from Decaying Branches’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 343.6167 (2014), 186–89
A journal article with 3 authors
Velarde, Enriqueta, Exequiel Ezcurra, and Daniel W. Anderson, ‘Seabird Diets Provide Early Warning of Sardine Fishery Declines in the Gulf of California’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 1332
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schramke, Vera, Daniel M. Sheedy, Ahmet M. Denli, Carolina Bonila, Karl Ekwall, Gregory J. Hannon, and others, ‘RNA-Interference-Directed Chromatin Modification Coupled to RNA Polymerase II Transcription’, Nature, 435.7046 (2005), 1275–79

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griffin, Paul M., Harriet Black Nembhard, Christopher J. DeFlitch, Nathaniel D. Bastian, Hyojung Kang, and David A. Muñoz, Healthcare Systems Engineering (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015)
An edited book
Perales, Francisco J., and Robert B. Fisher, eds., Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects: 6th International Conference, AMDO 2010, Port d’Andratx, Mallorca, Spain, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010),
A chapter in an edited book
Rhéaume, Jacques, ‘Community Development and Empowerment: A Clinical Sociology Perspective’, in Community Intervention: Clinical Sociology Perspectives, ed. by Jan Marie Fritz and Jacques Rhéaume, Clinical Sociology: Research and Practice (New York, NY: Springer, 2014), pp. 59–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Portuguese Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo, ‘UK Artists and Scientists Launch Space Junk Awareness Project’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2016)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Ratings Process (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 23 June 2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wong, Andrea N., ‘The Model Minority at Risk: Barriers to Mental Health Access for Chinese Americans’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnston, David, and Linda Greenhouse, ‘’01 Resolution Is Central to ’05 Controversy’, New York Times, 20 December 2005, p. A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Lisa M. Saksida, ‘Neuroscience. Remembering Outside the Box’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 325.5936 (2009), 40–41 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1177156>..
This sentence cites two references Lisa M. Saksida, ‘Neuroscience. Remembering Outside the Box’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 325.5936 (2009), 40–41 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1177156>; Feng Chen and Mark A. Krasnow, ‘Progenitor Outgrowth from the Niche in Drosophila Trachea Is Guided by FGF from Decaying Branches’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 343.6167 (2014), 186–89 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1241442>..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Feng Chen and Mark A. Krasnow, ‘Progenitor Outgrowth from the Niche in Drosophila Trachea Is Guided by FGF from Decaying Branches’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 343.6167 (2014), 186–89.
  • Three authors: Enriqueta Velarde, Exequiel Ezcurra, and Daniel W. Anderson, ‘Seabird Diets Provide Early Warning of Sardine Fishery Declines in the Gulf of California’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 1332.
  • 4 or more authors: Vera Schramke and others, ‘RNA-Interference-Directed Chromatin Modification Coupled to RNA Polymerase II Transcription’, Nature, 435.7046 (2005), 1275–79 <https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03652>.

About the journal

Full journal titlePortuguese Studies
ISSN (print)0267-5315
ISSN (online)2222-4270
ScopeHistory
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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