How to format your references using the Polymer Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Juergens, N. The Biological Underpinnings of Namib Desert Fairy Circles. Science 2013, 339 (6127), 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haq, B. U.; Schutter, S. R. A Chronology of Paleozoic Sea-Level Changes. Science 2008, 322 (5898), 64–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Latimer, A. M.; Silander, J. A., Jr; Cowling, R. M. Neutral Ecological Theory Reveals Isolation and Rapid Speciation in a Biodiversity Hot Spot. Science 2005, 309 (5741), 1722–1725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gregoryanz, E.; Lundegaard, L. F.; McMahon, M. I.; Guillaume, C.; Nelmes, R. J.; Mezouar, M. Structural Diversity of Sodium. Science 2008, 320 (5879), 1054–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider, H. J. Wittgenstein’s Later Theory of Meaning; John Wiley & Sons Inc.: Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Bozeman, B. Research Collaboration and Team Science: A State-of-the-Art Review and Agenda; Boardman, C., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Entrepreneurship and Innovation; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakti, S.; Nakamura, S.; Markov, K.; Minker, W. Speech Recognition Using GFIKS. In Incorporating Knowledge Sources into Statistical Speech Recognition; Nakamura, S., Markov, K., Sakti, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2009; pp 1–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T. Watch A Bald Eagle Snatch A Baby Osprey From Its Nest (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guarantee Agency Funding, Operations, and Reserves Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; 127236; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, R. A. Spectroelectrochemical Sensing and Detection of Zinc in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammerty on a Bismuth Film Electrode. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. When a House Falls in the Forest. New York Times. September 26, 2013, p D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Reviews
AbbreviationPolym. Rev. (Phila. Pa)
ISSN (print)1558-3724
ISSN (online)1558-3716
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles