How to format your references using the Polymer Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, J. Quantum Critical Electron Systems: The Uncharted Sign Worlds. Science 2008, 319 (5867), 1205–1207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sandoval, D. A.; Seeley, R. J. Medicine. The Microbes Made Me Eat It. Science 2010, 328 (5975), 179–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benton, M. J.; Tverdokhlebov, V. P.; Surkov, M. V. Ecosystem Remodelling among Vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Russia. Nature 2004, 432 (7013), 97–100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, J. Y.; Zhong, L.; Wang, C. M.; Sullivan, J. P.; Xu, W.; Zhang, L. Q.; Mao, S. X.; Hudak, N. S.; Liu, X. H.; Subramanian, A.; Fan, H.; Qi, L.; Kushima, A.; Li, J. In Situ Observation of the Electrochemical Lithiation of a Single SnO₂ Nanowire Electrode. Science 2010, 330 (6010), 1515–1520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C. Electricity Markets; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Leptomeningeal Metastases; Abrey, L. E., Chamberlain, M. C., Engelhard, H. H., Eds.; Cancer Treatment and Research; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; Vol. 125.
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts, L. M. Western Criticism of an Occidental East. In Transnational Encounters between Germany and Japan: Perceptions of Partnership in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries; Cho, J. M., Roberts, L. M., Spang, C. W., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016; pp 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J. Researchers Develop An Inhaler To Protect Against Air Pollution (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs to Take More Action to Address Unrealistic Initial Cost Estimates of Space Systems; GAO-07-96; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, F. M. A Study of the Effects of Nanoparticle Modification on the Thermal, Mechanical and Hygrothermal Performance of Carbon/Vinyl Ester Composites. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. A Would-Be Father of A.I. New York Times. November 28, 2016, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Reviews
AbbreviationPolym. Rev. (Phila. Pa)
ISSN (print)1558-3724
ISSN (online)1558-3716
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles