How to format your references using the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global open. citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global open.. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N. Antibodies: The generation game. Nature. 2007;447(7145):741-744.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomkins JL, Brown GS. Population density drives the local evolution of a threshold dimorphism. Nature. 2004;431(7012):1099-1103.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakamura K, Takahashi Y, Fujiwara T. Low-temperature excess heat capacity in fresnoite glass and crystal. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6523.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li D, Zhao R, Lilyestrom W, et al. Structure of the replicative helicase of the oncoprotein SV40 large tumour antigen. Nature. 2003;423(6939):512-518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumacher L. Divine Illumination. Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Jawaid M, Qaiss A el K, Bouhfid R, eds. Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites: Nanocomposites and Bionanocomposites. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Wong KCL, Summers R, Kebebew E, Yao J. Tumor Growth Prediction with Hyperelastic Biomechanical Model, Physiological Data Fusion, and Nonlinear Optimization. In: Golland P, Hata N, Barillot C, Hornegger J, Howe R, eds. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2014: 17th International Conference, Boston, MA, USA, September 14-18, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:25-32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global open..

Blog post
Hamilton K. A Chemist Discovered The First New Blue In 200 Years – Now Crayola Is Turning It Into A Crayon. IFLScience. Published May 11, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA’s Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunkley RL. A Mentoring Program for Adolescents in a Placement Facility: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. New Concern That Politeness Is a Lost Art in the Office. New York Times. January 18, 2004:101.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global open.
AbbreviationPlast. Reconstr. Surg. Glob. Open
ISSN (online)2169-7574

Other styles