How to format your references using the Plasma Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis J 2007 Beyond the standard model with the LHC Nature 448 297–301
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii L and Stringari S 2002 Ultracold matter. The quest for superfluidity in Fermi gases Science 298 2144–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Losonczy A, Makara J K and Magee J C 2008 Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons Nature 452 436–41
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Paul A, Elias C B, Shum-Tim D and Prakash S 2013 Bioactive baculovirus nanohybrids for stent based rapid vascular re-endothelialization Sci. Rep. 3 2366

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alvarez P J J and Illman W A 2005 Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Královič R and Niwiński D 2009 Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2009: 34th International Symposium, MFCS 2009, Novy Smokovec, High Tatras, Slovakia, August 24-28, 2009. Proceedings vol 5734 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hatada I 2010 The Epigenomics of Cancer An Omics Perspective on Cancer Research ed W C S Cho (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 51–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2015 New Nuclear Reactor Could Hold The Secret Of Lasting Fusion IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977 Impact of Illegal Aliens on Public Assistance Programs: Too Little Is Known (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrios G 2012 Outreach program to address the unmet needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: A grant proposal Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder S K C by L 2005 Arts, Briefly; Coppola and Putin Meet New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1009-0630
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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