How to format your references using the Plasma Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K 2005 Getting schooled Nature 435 850–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Schaff D P and Richards P G 2004 Repeating seismic events in China Science 303 1176–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui M, Emrick T and Russell T P 2013 Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles Science 342 460–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Custers J, Gegenwart P, Wilhelm H, Neumaier K, Tokiwa Y, Trovarelli O, Geibel C, Steglich F, Pépin C and Coleman P 2003 The break-up of heavy electrons at a quantum critical point Nature 424 524–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando X N 2014 Radio Over Fiber for Wireless Communications (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Ramanathan A L, Johnston S, Mukherjee A and Nath B 2015 Safe and Sustainable Use of Arsenic-Contaminated Aquifers in the Gangetic Plain: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Boley H 2015 PSOA RuleML: Integrated Object-Relational Data and Rules Reasoning Web. Web Logic Rules: 11th International Summer School 2015, Berlin, Germany, July 31- August 4, 2015, Tutorial Lectures Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed W Faber and A Paschke (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 114–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 A Moderate Solar Storm Is Hitting Earth As We Speak IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1975 Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza M 2010 A Latina’s educational attainment and her observations of foster youth’s educational struggles: A narrative Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M 2017 Walmart Sticks With Arkansas Headquarters as Amazon Plays the Field New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1009-0630
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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