How to format your references using the Plant Systematics and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Systematics and Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd S (2008) Enhanced sensitivity of photodetection via quantum illumination. Science 321:1463–1465
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyd RW, Gauthier DJ (2009) Controlling the velocity of light pulses. Science 326:1074–1077
A journal article with 3 authors
Larsen RE, Glover WJ, Schwartz BJ (2010) Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity? Science 329:65–69
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Huan J, Wan K, Liu Y, et al (2013) Removing PCR for the elimination of undesired DNA fragments cycle by cycle. Sci Rep 3:2303

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharkh SM, Abusara MA, Orfanoudakis GI, Hussain B (2014) Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Hinchey MG, Rash JL, Truszkowski WF, Rouff CA (eds) (2005) Formal Approaches to Agent-Based Systems: Third International Workshop, FAABS 2004, Greenbelt, MD, April 26-27, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bittermann D, Fischer M (2011) Development and Design of the EPRTM Core Catcher. In: Saito T, Yamashita J, Oka Y, Ishiwatari Y (eds) Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 119–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Systematics and Evolution.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) New Horned Dino Had Headgear Shaped Like Wings. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Administrative Operations and Financial Transactions, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kharal SP (2017) Modelling Sensitization Dynamics in 5xxx Series Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Court Backs Police Officers In Chase That Hurt Driver. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2008; Boyd and Gauthier 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boyd and Gauthier 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Huan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Systematics and Evolution
AbbreviationOsterr. Bot. Z.
ISSN (print)0378-2697
ISSN (online)2199-6881
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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