How to format your references using the Plant Systematics and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Systematics and Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake JA (2007) Disappearing act. Nature 446:983
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía S, Novas FE (2003) Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature 425:609–612
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinney MA, Saeed R, McDevitt TC (2014) Mesenchymal morphogenesis of embryonic stem cells dynamically modulates the biophysical microtissue niche. Sci Rep 4:4290
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Feely RA, Sabine CL, Lee K, et al (2004) Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 system in the oceans. Science 305:362–366

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Savaux V, Louët Y (2014) MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Brooks AJ, Clasper J, Midwinter M, et al (eds) (2011) Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Janusz A, Ślęzak D (2014) Random Probes in Computation and Assessment of Approximate Reducts. In: Kryszkiewicz M, Cornelis C, Ciucci D, et al. (eds) Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: Second International Conference, RSEISP 2014, Held as Part of JRS 2014, Granada and Madrid, Spain, July 9-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Systematics and Evolution.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Time Crystals: How Scientists Created A New State Of Matter. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/time-crystals-how-scientists-created-a-new-state-of-matter/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Terminating Federal Helium Refining. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang T (2010) Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner T (2017) Cubs Seize Control as Bloop Cancels Out Blunder. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lake 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Apesteguía and Novas 2003; Lake 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Apesteguía and Novas 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Feely et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Systematics and Evolution
AbbreviationOsterr. Bot. Z.
ISSN (print)0378-2697
ISSN (online)2199-6881
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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