How to format your references using the Plant Foods for Human Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2014) Drug delivery: brain food. Nature 510:S6-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Rez P, Treacy MMJ (2013) Three-dimensional imaging of dislocations. Nature 503:E1
A journal article with 3 authors
Miner-Williams WM, Moughan PJ, Fuller MF (2013) Analysis of an ethanol precipitate from ileal digesta: evaluation of a method to determine mucin. Sci Rep 3:3145
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fusco G, Chen SW, Williamson PTF, et al (2017) Structural basis of membrane disruption and cellular toxicity by α-synuclein oligomers. Science 358:1440–1443

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonk CJ (2011) The World is Open. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Feng X, Karakashian O, Xing Y (2014) Recent Developments in Discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Partial Differential Equations: 2012 John H Barrett Memorial Lectures. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bailly C, Comte-Bellot G (2015) Vortex Dynamics. In: Comte-Bellot G (ed) Turbulence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 113–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Foods for Human Nutrition.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Dying Coral Reefs May Mask The Scent Of Predators. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Acquisition of Compact and Subcompact Passenger Vehicles To Conserve Fuel. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts EM (2006) Whose Books Get Published?: Individual Agency and the Business of Children’s Publishing. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J (2016) Trump Won Battle of Ranting, Raving Twitter Robots, Researchers Say. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Foods for Human Nutrition
AbbreviationPlant Foods Hum. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0921-9668
ISSN (online)1573-9104
ScopeFood Science
Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles