How to format your references using the Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. The places to be. Nature. 2005;433:551.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dye C, Williams BG. The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science. 2010;328:856–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Williams JR, Dicarlo L, Marcus CM. Quantum Hall effect in a gate-controlled p-n junction of graphene. Science. 2007;317:638–641.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Ahumada A, Slusarski DC, Liu X, et al. Signaling of rat Frizzled-2 through phosphodiesterase and cyclic GMP. Science. 2002;298:2006–2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
McPhee P. A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Lasota J-P, editor. Astronomy at the Frontiers of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hernández-Salmerón M, Romero-Ávila D. Empirical Results. In: Romero-Ávila D, editor. Convergence in Output and Its Sources Among Industrialised Countries: A Cross-Country Time-Series Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 25–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Coconut Crabs Can Pinch With More Force Than Most Animals Can Bite [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/coconut-crabs-can-pinch-more-force-most-animals-can-bite/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Consistent Criteria Are Needed To Assess Small-Business Innovation Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981. Report No.: PAD-81-15. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Waidelich LA. Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. A Test From the Political Comedy Gods. New York Times. 2016 Nov 6;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
AbbreviationJ. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed.
ISSN (print)0920-5063
ISSN (online)1568-5624
ScopeBiophysics
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Biomaterials

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