How to format your references using the Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bozell JJ. Chemistry. Connecting biomass and petroleum processing with a chemical bridge. Science. 2010;329:522–523.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Christensen ST, Ott CM. Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch. Science. 2007;317:330–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zabow G, Dodd SJ, Koretsky AP. Shape-changing magnetic assemblies as high-sensitivity NMR-readable nanoprobes. Nature. 2015;520:73–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Bi K, Guo Y, Liu X, et al. Magnetically tunable Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Alsop A. Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Prusinski B. Expert Oracle GoldenGate. Phillips S, Chung R, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Koranyi A. Holomorphic and Harmonic Functions on Bounded Symmetric Domains. In: Vesentini E, editor. Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 125–197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Hidden Brain Activity Distinguishes Between Vegetative Patients [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/hidden-brain-activity-distinguishes-between-vegetative-patients/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: A Statistical Approach Will Better Identify Commercial Carriers That Pose High Crash Risks Than Does the Current Federal Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007. Report No.: GAO-07-585. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wall JD. The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams? New York Times. 2017 Aug 24;C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
AbbreviationJ. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed.
ISSN (print)0920-5063
ISSN (online)1568-5624
ScopeBiophysics
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Biomaterials

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