How to format your references using the Pediatric Annals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Annals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Prather MJ. Atmospheric science. An environmental experiment with H2? Science. 2003;302(5645):581-582.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Anderson RF, Carr M-E. Paleoclimate. Uncorking the Southern Ocean’s vintage CO2. Science. 2010;328(5982):1117-1118.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Helle S, Lummaa V, Jokela J. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science. 2002;296(5570):1085.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lee JH, Lee JE, Kahng JY, et al. Human glioblastoma arises from subventricular zone cells with low-level driver mutations. Nature. 2018;560(7717):243-247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Sun M, Zhang M, Lin D, Wang H, eds. Chinese Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing Based on Naturally Annotated Big Data: 12th China National Conference, CCL 2013 and First International Symposium, NLP-NABD 2013, Suzhou, China, October 10-12, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8202. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tippet R. Corporate Geocorpographies: Surveillance and Social Media Expansion. In: Randell-Moon H, Tippet R, eds. Security, Race, Biopower: Essays on Technology and Corporeality. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:81-100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Annals.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Black Holes In Colliding Galaxies Might Be Ripping Stars Apart More Frequently Than Thought. IFLScience. Published February 27, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/black-holes-in-colliding-galaxies-might-be-ripping-stars-apart-more-frequently-than-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Postsecondary Education: Multiple Tax Preferences and Title IV Student Aid Programs Create a Complex Education Financing Environment. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Williams AP. Reentry of Substance Abusing Female Ex-Offenders from Prison to an Urban Community. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Loomis SH. Making the Restaurant Part of the Family. New York Times. January 7, 2014:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Annals
AbbreviationPediatr. Ann.
ISSN (print)0090-4481
ISSN (online)1938-2359
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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