How to format your references using the Oxymag citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxymag. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton RN. Planetary Science. The Earth and the Sun. Science 2011;332:1509–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coulson T, Clegg S. Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline. Nature 2014;511:414–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cochran ES, Vidale JE, Tanaka S. Earth tides can trigger shallow thrust fault earthquakes. Science 2004;306:1164–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li B, Chen D, Wang J, Yan Z, Jiang L, Deliang Duan, et al. MOFzyme: Intrinsic protease-like activity of Cu-MOF. Sci Rep 2014;4:6759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer H. Profitable Day and Swing Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Dvorkin EN. Nonlinear Continua. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Panopoulou E, Tambouris E, Tarabanis K. eParticipation Initiatives in Europe: Learning from Practitioners. In: Tambouris E, Macintosh A, Glassey O, editors. Electronic Participation: Second IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2010, Lausanne, Switzerland, August 29 – September 2, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 54–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxymag.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Europe’s ExoMars Rover Has Been Delayed To 2020. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw RM. The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Summoning Another Storm. New York Times 2011:D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOxymag
ISSN (print)0990-1310
ScopeEmergency Medicine

Other styles