How to format your references using the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vijayan M. Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001). Nature 2001;411:544.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldschmidt TJ, Noelle RJ. Immunology. Long live the mature B cell--a baffling mystery resolved. Science 2001;293:2012–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akbarzadeh A, Qiu C-W, Danner AJ. Exploiting design freedom in biaxial dielectrics to enable spatially overlapping optical instruments. Sci Rep 2013;3:2055.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kroutvar M, Ducommun Y, Heiss D, Bichler M, Schuh D, Abstreiter G, et al. Optically programmable electron spin memory using semiconductor quantum dots. Nature 2004;432:81–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolinski M. Plastics and Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Barton LL, Mandl M, Loy A, editors. Geomicrobiology: Molecular and Environmental Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Connor MF, Roantree M. SCOOTER: A Compact and Scalable Dynamic Labeling Scheme for XML Updates. In: Liddle SW, Schewe K-D, Tjoa AM, Zhou X, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 23rd International Conference, DEXA 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 26–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Japan’s Troubled X-Ray Satellite Is Dead. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Multiple Programs and Overlapping Target Groups. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton T. Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; The Matter of Trust: Clinton’s Big Burden. New York Times 1992:124.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases
ISSN (print)2214-5419

Other styles