How to format your references using the Oncology Research and Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Research and Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Przeworski M: Genome-sequencing anniversary. The golden age of human population genetics. Science 2011;331:547.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Arnold DH, Johnston A: Motion-induced spatial conflict. Nature 2003;425:181–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Czaplicka A, Holyst JA, Sloot PMA: Noise enhances information transfer in hierarchical networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:1223.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Honkala K, Hellman A, Remediakis IN, Logadottir A, Carlsson A, Dahl S, et al.: Ammonia synthesis from first-principles calculations. Science 2005;307:555–558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Dunlop J, Girma D, Irvine J: Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. West Sussex, England, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2013.
An edited book
1
Zappia V, Panico S, Russo GL, Budillon A, Della Ragione F (eds): Advances in Nutrition and Cancer. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Tomkin GH, Owens D: Lipoprotein Metabolism and Alterations Induced by Insulin Resistance and Diabetes; in Jenkins AJ, Toth PP, Lyons TJ (eds): Lipoproteins in Diabetes Mellitus. New York, NY, Springer, 2014, pp 101–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Research and Treatment.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: Jurassic World Reviewed By A Dinosaur Expert: It Isn’t Faithful To Science, But So What? IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/jurassic-world-reviewed-dinosaur-expert-it-isn-t-faithful-science-so-what/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Challenges in Responding to Task Force Recommendations. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Tabano JG: How Former Division I Student-Athletes Experienced Their Dual Undergraduate Roles: The Internal Competition for an Identity 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Koblin J, Maheshwari S: With a ‘Roseanne’ Revival and the Backstreet Boys, ABC Mines the Past. New York Times 2017;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Research and Treatment
AbbreviationOncol. Res. Treat.
ISSN (print)2296-5270
ISSN (online)2296-5262
ScopeCancer Research
Hematology
Oncology

Other styles