How to format your references using the Oncogene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncogene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greengard P. The neurobiology of slow synaptic transmission. Science 2001; 294: 1024–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ödman-Govender CJ, Kelleghan D. SPORE series winner. Astronomical perspectives for young children. Science 2011; 333: 1106–1107.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke MD, Berger EM, Schreiber SL. Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially. Science 2003; 302: 613–618.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reay D, Sabine C, Smith P, Hymus G. Climate change 2007: spring-time for sinks. Nature 2007; 446: 727–728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré J-C. Aerospace Actuators 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Idowu SO (ed.). Key Initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility: Global Dimension of CSR in Corporate Entities. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Patterson C. The Role of Surgery in Pulmonary Hypertension. In: Madden B (ed). Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015, pp 147–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncogene.

Blog post
Andrew E. Physicists Directly Detect Neutrinos From Sun’s Core. IFLScience. 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ilag GM. An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times. 1992; : 130.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncogene
ISSN (online)1476-5594

Other styles