How to format your references using the Oncogene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncogene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Braun J. The food crisis isn’t over. Nature 2008; 456: 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fallani L, Inguscio M. Physics. Controlling cold-atom conductivity. Science 2008; 322: 1480–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGaha TL, Sorrentino B, Ravetch JV. Restoration of tolerance in lupus by targeted inhibitory receptor expression. Science 2005; 307: 590–593.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kasper LH, Boussouar F, Ney PA, Jackson CW, Rehg J, van Deursen JM et al. A transcription-factor-binding surface of coactivator p300 is required for haematopoiesis. Nature 2002; 419: 738–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harte L. Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Bornstein BH, Tomkins AJ (eds.). Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia T, Zhao W, Wang L. Pr $\mathcal{SH}$ : A Belief Description Logic. In: Nguyen NT, Grzech A, Howlett RJ, Jain LC (eds). Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications: First KES International Symposium, KES-AMSTA 2007, Wroclaw, Poland, May 31– June 1, 2007. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, pp 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncogene.

Blog post
Davis J. DNA Analysis Reveals Potential For Previously Unknown Species Of Human. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Broadcasting Board of Governors: Additional Steps Needed to Address Overlap in International Broadcasting. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abedin G. Exploring the potential of art-based education for adolescents with learning disabilities: A case study of engagement in learning through the arts. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Raynoma Singleton, Early Motown Force, Dies at 79. New York Times. 2016; : A30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncogene
ISSN (online)1476-5594

Other styles