How to format your references using the Oncogene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncogene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lagendijk A. Pushing for power. Nature 2005; 438: 429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tani K, Stoltz BM. Synthesis and structural analysis of 2-quinuclidonium tetrafluoroborate. Nature 2006; 441: 731–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Malmgren RD, Ottino JM, Nunes Amaral LA. The role of mentorship in protégé performance. Nature 2010; 465: 622–626.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pedersen BP, Buch-Pedersen MJ, Morth JP, Palmgren MG, Nissen P. Crystal structure of the plasma membrane proton pump. Nature 2007; 450: 1111–1114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth WJ. Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Kugler T, Smith JC, Connolly T, Son Y-J (eds.). Decision Modeling and Behavior in Complex and Uncertain Environments. Springer: New York, NY, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Stahl G. Interactional Methods and Social Practices in VMT. In: Stahl G (ed). Studying Virtual Math Teams. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2009, pp 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncogene.

Blog post
Taub B. Scientists Can Now Erase Specific Fears From Your Brain. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Survey of U.S. Patent Examiners (GAO-16-478SP, June 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-479 and GAO-16-490. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mark M. A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Returning, and Inspiring the Likes of Spielberg. New York Times. 2017; : C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncogene
ISSN (online)1476-5594

Other styles