How to format your references using the Ocean Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhrvold, N.P., 2015. Comment on “Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs.” Science 348, 982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blake, G.A., Bergin, E.A., 2015. Planetary science: Prebiotic chemistry on the rocks. Nature 520, 161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lukens, J.M., Leaird, D.E., Weiner, A.M., 2013. A temporal cloak at telecommunication data rate. Nature 498, 205–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto, Y., Fukushima, T., Suna, Y., Ishii, N., Saeki, A., Seki, S., Tagawa, S., Taniguchi, M., Kawai, T., Aida, T., 2006. Photoconductive coaxial nanotubes of molecularly connected electron donor and acceptor layers. Science 314, 1761–1764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hites, R.A., Raff, J.D., 2012. Elements of Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Preedy, V.R. (Ed.), 2012. Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Montefusco, F., Akman, O.E., Soyer, O.S., Bates, D.G., 2014. Modelling and Analysis of Feedback Control Mechanisms Underlying Osmoregulation in Yeast, in: Kulkarni, V.V., Stan, G.-B., Raman, K. (Eds.), A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Modelling.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Global Ecosystems At Risk Of Failing As Biodiversity Falls Below Safety Limit, Scientists Warn [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Address Challenges (No. GAO-04-232T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patra, P., 2009. Image scaling with three different interpolation techniques and their comparisons (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
CHARKES; Mary Jo, J., Reporting, L.S.C., 2009. A Spring Surprise: Openings in Preschools. New York Times WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myhrvold, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Blake and Bergin, 2015; Myhrvold, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blake and Bergin, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Modelling
AbbreviationOcean Model. (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)1463-5003
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles