How to format your references using the Ocean Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C., 2010. Joining forces. Nature 466, S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdon, J.J., Thrall, P.H., 2009. Coevolution of plants and their pathogens in natural habitats. Science 324, 755–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Schuler, M.A., Berenbaum, M.R., 2002. Jasmonate and salicylate induce expression of herbivore cytochrome P450 genes. Nature 419, 712–715.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sencan, I., Coskun, A.F., Sikora, U., Ozcan, A., 2014. Spectral demultiplexing in holographic and fluorescent on-chip microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4, 3760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J., 2014. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Becker, J., Delfmann, P. (Eds.), 2007. Reference Modeling: Efficient Information Systems Design Through Reuse of Information Models. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shult, E., Surowski, D., 2015. Permutation Groups and Group Actions, in: Surowski, D. (Ed.), Algebra: A Teaching and Source Book. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 105–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Modelling.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Atomic Clocks On Europe’s Galileo Satellites Are Failing, And No One Is Sure Why [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Domestic Aviation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Benefits of Airline Deregulation (No. T-RCED-97-120). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, J.A., 2014. Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Bumgarner and Big Blast Leave Mets Blanked and Blue. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Burdon and Thrall, 2009; Willyard, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burdon and Thrall, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sencan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Modelling
AbbreviationOcean Model. (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)1463-5003
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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