How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selkoe, D. J.: Alzheimer’s disease is a synaptic failure, Science, 298, 789–791, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emini, E. A. and Koff, W. C.: AIDS/HIV. Developing an AIDS vaccine: need, uncertainty, hope, Science, 304, 1913–1914, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinkai, K., Mohrs, M., and Locksley, R. M.: Helper T cells regulate type-2 innate immunity in vivo, Nature, 420, 825–829, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Mumby, P. J., Chisholm, J. R., Clark, C. D., Hedley, J. D., and Jaubert, J.: Spectrographic imaging. A bird’s-eye view of the health of coral reefs, Nature, 413, 36, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi, L.: Validation of Communications Systems with SDL, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Kuhn, D.: Generalized Bounds for Convex Multistage Stochastic Programs, edited by: Beckmann, M., Künzi, H. P., Fandel, G., Trockel, W., Basile, A., Drexl, A., Dawid, H., Inderfurth, K., Kürsten, W., and Schittko, U., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 190 p. 21 illus pp., 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinheiro, A., Canedo, E. D., de Sousa, R. T., and de Oliveira Albuquerque, R.: A Proposed Protocol for Periodic Monitoring of Cloud Storage Services Using Trust and Encryption, in: Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, edited by: Gervasi, O., Murgante, B., Misra, S., Rocha, A. M. A. C., Torre, C. M., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B. O., Stankova, E., and Wang, S., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 45–59, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
Ancient Mega-Shark Unearthed In Texas:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Guaranteed Student Loans: Comparisons of Single State and Multistate Guaranty Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corral, E.: Latino undocumented students in Los Angeles: A grant proposal project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. and Schmitt, E.: Russian Exercise On NATO Border Has U.S. on Alert, New York Times, 1st August, A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selkoe, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Selkoe, 2002; Emini and Koff, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Emini and Koff, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mumby et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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