How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S.: Animal models: Towards a myeloma mouse, Nature, 480(7377), S38-9, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, J. N. and Cunningham, B. M.: Geographic structure and dynamics of coevolutionary selection, Nature, 417(6890), 735–738, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappala, A., Zaccone, A. and Terentjev, E. M.: Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels, Sci. Rep., 3, 3103, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
te Welscher, P., Zuniga, A., Kuijper, S., Drenth, T., Goedemans, H. J., Meijlink, F. and Zeller, R.: Progression of vertebrate limb development through SHH-mediated counteraction of GLI3, Science, 298(5594), 827–830, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C.: An Introduction to LTE, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2014.
An edited book
Deinum, M.: Pro Spring MVC: With Web Flow, edited by K. Serneels, C. Yates, S. Ladd, and C. Vanfleteren, Apress, Berkeley, CA., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Siskin, G. and Golzarian, J.: Visceral and Abdominal Solid Organ Trauma, in Vascular Embolotherapy: A Comprehensive Approach Volume 2 Oncology, Trauma, Gene Therapy, Vascular Malformations, and Neck, edited by J. Golzarian, S. Sun, and M. J. Sharafuddin, pp. 43–57, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Tiny Satellites Discover Biggest Stellar Heartbeat, IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA Workforce: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alnuaimi, A. N.: The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Judge Won’t Lock the Stable Until Horses Have a Home, New York Times, 29th September, 146, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2011; Thompson and Cunningham, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Cunningham, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (te Welscher et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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