How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawaoka, Y.: H5N1: Flu transmission work is urgent, Nature, 482(7384), 155, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyon, B. E. and Eadie, J. M.: An obligate brood parasite trapped in the intraspecific arms race of its hosts, Nature, 432(7015), 390–393, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brose, U., Williams, R. J. and Martinez, N. D.: Comment on “Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability,” Science, 301(5635), 918; author reply 918, 2003.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Bai, Y., Han, X., Wu, J., Chen, Z. and Li, L.: Ecosystem stability and compensatory effects in the Inner Mongolia grassland, Nature, 431(7005), 181–184, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jawlik, A. A.: Statistics from A to Z: Confusing Concepts Clarified, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2016.
An edited book
Liu, Y.: Stochastic Network Calculus, edited by Y. Jiang, Springer, London., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Garnon, J., Tsoumakidou, G., Enescu, I., Buy, X. and Gangi, A.: Overview of Thermal Ablation Devices: HIFU, Laser Interstitial, Chemical Ablation, in Interventional Radiology Techniques in Ablation, edited by T. Clark and T. Sabharwal, pp. 29–41, Springer, London., 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Satellite Image Of The Aral Sea Looks Like An Abstract Painting, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Charter Schools: Education Could Do More to Assist Charter Schools with Applying for Discretionary Grants, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Driskill, K. M.: A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G.: Seeing Him in the Funny Papers, New York Times, 28th July, D7, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Landis, 2015; Landweber, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyon and Eadie, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Davis et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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