How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bhattacharjee, Y.: Sensitive technology. Schools fear impact of proposed license changes, Science, 308(5724), 938–939, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brewer, P. G. and Peltzer, E. T.: OCEANS. Limits to marine life, Science, 324(5925), 347–348, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., Muttarak, R. and Striessnig, E.: Environment and development. Universal education is key to enhanced climate adaptation, Science, 346(6213), 1061–1062, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Kato, Y. K., Myers, R. C., Gossard, A. C. and Awschalom, D. D.: Observation of the spin Hall effect in semiconductors, Science, 306(5703), 1910–1913, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel, G. M. and Neil, E.: International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK., 2009.
An edited book
Gillibert, P.: From Objects to Diagrams for Ranges of Functors, edited by F. Wehrung, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Clampitt, D.: Sensitive Interval Property for Scales as Words in the Free Group F2, in Mathematics and Computation in Music: Third International Conference, MCM 2011, Paris, France, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings, edited by C. Agon, M. Andreatta, G. Assayag, E. Amiot, J. Bresson, and J. Mandereau, pp. 56–68, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Remnants Of An Ancient Mini-Planet Might Be In Orbit Near Mars, IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Older Americans: Inability to Repay Student Loans May Affect Financial Security of a Small Percentage of Retirees, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Regmi, K.: Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL., 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S.: The Bus-Stop Guessing Game, New York Times, 1st March, CY5, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhattacharjee, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bhattacharjee, 2005; Brewer and Peltzer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brewer and Peltzer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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