How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Long, S. R.: Symbiosis: Receptive to infection, Nature, 523, 298–299, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morel, F. M. M. and Groves, J. T.: Retrospective: Edward I. Stiefel (1942-2006), Science, 314, 1406, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Houlié, N., Dreger, D., and Kim, A.: GPS source solution of the 2004 Parkfield earthquake, Sci. Rep., 4, 3646, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Smith, O., Clapham, A. J., Rose, P., Liu, Y., Wang, J., and Allaby, R. G.: Genomic methylation patterns in archaeological barley show de-methylation as a time-dependent diagenetic process, Sci. Rep., 4, 5559, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matignon, R.: Data Mining Using SAS® Enterprise MinerTM, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
Ashraf, M., Ozturk, M., and Athar, H. R. (Eds.): Salinity and Water Stress: Improving Crop Efficiency, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XIII, 244 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Adam, M.: Multi-Level Complexities in Technological Development: Competing Strategies for Drug Discovery, in: Science in the Context of Application, edited by: Carrier, M. and Nordmann, A., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 67–83, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
Rare Blurring Of Black Hole Light Observed:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Enhancements Made in Passenger and Checked Baggage Screening, but Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, L. A.: Noncredit to credit transitions: The role of cultural capital and habitus for adult immigrant learners in the community college, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: The Old Guard Welcomes The New Guard, New York Times, 15th February, B10, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Long, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Long, 2015; Morel and Groves, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morel and Groves, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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