How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trefethen, L. N.: Obituary: Gene H. Golub (1932-2007), Nature, 450(7172), 962, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Subang, M. C. and Richardson, P. M.: Neuroscience. Nuclear power for axonal growth, Science, 326(5950), 238–239, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerke, J., Lorenz, K. and Cohen, B.: Genetic interactions between transcription factors cause natural variation in yeast, Science, 323(5913), 498–501, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Sil, A. K., Maeda, S., Sano, Y., Roop, D. R. and Karin, M.: IkappaB kinase-alpha acts in the epidermis to control skeletal and craniofacial morphogenesis, Nature, 428(6983), 660–664, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Owen, J. S. and Fiedler-Kelly, J.: Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey., 2014.
An edited book
Roth, W.-M., Ed.: Re/Structuring Science Education: ReUniting Sociological and Psychological Perspectives, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, T. and Moldt, D.: Integrating Agent Actions and Workflow Operations, in Multiagent System Technologies: 13th German Conference, MATES 2015, Cottbus, Germany, September 28 - 30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, edited by J. P. Müller, W. Ketter, G. Kaminka, G. Wagner, and N. Bulling, pp. 61–78, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Solar Power Will Completely Phase Out Coal By 2050, IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Schools and Workplaces: An Overview of Successful and Unsuccessful Practices, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zoino, J. J.: Field Methods, Sampling Strategies, Historical Documents, and Data Redundancy: A Study of Historic Tenant Farmsteads in Leflore County, Mississippi, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Change in Giggs’s Role Brightens The Twilight of His Career, New York Times, 26th April, B14, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trefethen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Subang and Richardson, 2009; Trefethen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subang and Richardson, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sil et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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