How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palme, H.: Planetary science. The giant impact formation of the Moon, Science, 304, 977–979, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nachev, P. and Husain, M.: Comment on “Detecting awareness in the vegetative state,” Science, 315, 1221; author reply 1221, 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Barta, Z., and Houston, A. I.: Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game, Nature, 428, 745–748, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Wang, C., He, Q., Halim, U., Liu, Y., Zhu, E., Lin, Z., Xiao, H., Duan, X., Feng, Z., Cheng, R., Weiss, N. O., Ye, G., Huang, Y.-C., Wu, H., Cheng, H.-C., Shakir, I., Liao, L., Chen, X., Goddard, W. A., III, Huang, Y., and Duan, X.: Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices, Nature, 555, 231–236, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy, T.: Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Bernstein, D. J. and Chatterjee, S. (Eds.): Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2011: 12th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Chennai, India, December 11-14, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIII, 401 p pp., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, H. and Wang, Y.: Nonvolatile Circuit Design, in: Design Exploration of Emerging Nano-scale Non-volatile Memory, edited by: Wang, Y., Springer, New York, NY, 85–129, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
New Study Suggests Meditation Can Actually Alter Your Body On A Cellular Level:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Runway Safety: Progress on Reducing Runway Incursions Impeded by Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, R. A.: Examining coping skills used to deal with daily stressors of law enforcement, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Memories Translate Well for Lendl, New York Times, 6th September, D3, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palme, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Palme, 2004; Nachev and Husain, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nachev and Husain, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

Other styles