How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Up for review, Nature, 430, 591, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S. L. and Brown, J. H.: Ecology. Domains of diversity, Science, 304, 831–833, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz, H., Douglas, S. M., and Shih, W. M.: Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes, Science, 325, 725–730, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Roberge, A., Feldman, P. D., Weinberger, A. J., Deleuil, M., and Bouret, J.-C.: Stabilization of the disk around beta Pictoris by extremely carbon-rich gas, Nature, 441, 724–726, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, J.: Telecosmos, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
Barkalov, A.: Logic Synthesis for FPGA-Based Finite State Machines, edited by: Titarenko, L., Kolopienczyk, M., Mielcarek, K., and Bazydlo, G., Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIV, 280 p. 205 illus. in color pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, L., Wu, Q., Qin, B., and Domingo-Ferrer, J.: Practical Privacy for Value-Added Applications in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, in: Internet and Distributed Computing Systems: 5th International Conference, IDCS 2012, Wuyishan, Fujian, China, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings, edited by: Xiang, Y., Pathan, M., Tao, X., and Wang, H., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 43–56, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Blog post
New Campaign Profiles Litterers From Their DNA And Posts Reconstructions Of Their Faces:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt, E. S.: Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K.: World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Admiral Convicted In Sub Deaths, New York Times, 19th May, A6, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Pimm and Brown, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pimm and Brown, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Roberge et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics
AbbreviationNonlinear Process. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1023-5809
ISSN (online)1607-7946

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