How to format your references using the Neuropsychologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirkpatrick, S., 2003. Computer science. Rough times ahead. Science 299, 668–669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maniatis, T., Tasic, B., 2002. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing and proteome expansion in metazoans. Nature 418, 236–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pettinato, G., Wen, X., Zhang, N., 2014. Formation of well-defined embryoid bodies from dissociated human induced pluripotent stem cells using microfabricated cell-repellent microwell arrays. Sci. Rep. 4, 7402.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Calderaro, A., Arcangeletti, M.-C., Rodighiero, I., Buttrini, M., Gorrini, C., Motta, F., Germini, D., Medici, M.-C., Chezzi, C., De Conto, F., 2014. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification. Sci. Rep. 4, 6803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker, A.A., 2006. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Berry, M.W., Hj. Mohamed, A., Yap, B.W. (Eds.), 2016. Soft Computing in Data Science: Second International Conference, SCDS 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 21-22, 2016, Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Ng, X.W., Mundargi, R.C., Venkatraman, S.S., 2015. Nanomedicine: Size-Related Drug Delivery Applications, Including Periodontics and Endodontics, in: Kishen, A. (Ed.), Nanotechnology in Endodontics: Current and Potential Clinical Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychologia.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Colorful Murals Cover A 1,000-Year-Old Chinese Tomb [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. ADP Budget Analysis: SSA’s Information Systems Funding for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (No. IMTEC-88-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon, J.T., 2017. Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Some Want a Cultural Hub; Others See a Center on Steroids. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirkpatrick, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kirkpatrick, 2003; Maniatis and Tasic, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maniatis and Tasic, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Calderaro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychologia
ISSN (print)0028-3932
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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