How to format your references using the Neuropsychologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swanson, R.M., 2009. Applied physics. Photovoltaics power up. Science 324, 891–892.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, S.G., St Johnston, D., 2003. A role for Drosophila LKB1 in anterior-posterior axis formation and epithelial polarity. Nature 421, 379–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi, G., Bisio, A., Pozzo, T., 2013. Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Sci. Rep. 3, 1168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Srinivasarao, M., Collings, D., Philips, A., Patel, S., 2001. Three-dimensionally ordered array of air bubbles in a polymer film. Science 292, 79–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti, P., 2013. Theory of Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Liu, H., Kubota, N., Zhu, X., Dillmann, R., Zhou, D. (Eds.), 2015. Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part III, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadjiona, M., Georgiou, C., Papa, M., Vassiliou, V., 2008. A Hybrid Fault-Tolerant Algorithm for MPLS Networks, in: Harju, J., Heijenk, G., Langendörfer, P., Siris, V.A. (Eds.), Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 6th International Conference, WWIC 2008 Tampere, Finland, May 28-30, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychologia.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Rhinos Escape Caught On Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program (No. GAO-08-1181T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, G.M., 2012. Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2006. How to Get the Best Rate (and Avoid Fees). New York Times TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swanson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and St Johnston, 2003; Swanson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and St Johnston, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Srinivasarao et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychologia
ISSN (print)0028-3932
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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