How to format your references using the Neuropsychologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segal, H.P., 2001. Victor and victim. Nature 412, 861.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pelham, R.J., Chang, F., 2002. Actin dynamics in the contractile ring during cytokinesis in fission yeast. Nature 419, 82–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, M.F., Wright, J.D., Kent, D.V., 2011. Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province. Science 331, 1404–1409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eisenberg, D., Marcotte, E.M., Xenarios, I., Yeates, T.O., 2000. Protein function in the post-genomic era. Nature 405, 823–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari, M.L., Damo, U.M., Turan, A., Sánchez, D., 2017. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bove, A., Del Santo, D., Murthy, M.K.V. (Eds.), 2009. Advances in Phase Space Analysis of Partial Differential Equations: In Honor of Ferruccio Colombini’s 60th Birthday, Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Schinianakis, D., Stouraitis, T., 2016. Residue Number Systems in Cryptography: Design, Challenges, Robustness, in: Chang, C.-H., Potkonjak, M. (Eds.), Secure System Design and Trustable Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 115–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Wild Chimps In Uganda Have Learned To Look Both Ways When Crossing The Roads [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. NASA: Agency Has Taken Steps Toward Making Sound Investment Decisions for Ares I but Still Faces Challenging Knowledge Gaps (No. GAO-08-51). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R.J., 2012. An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Angelos, J., 2017. The French Defection. New York Times MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segal, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Pelham and Chang, 2002; Segal, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pelham and Chang, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Eisenberg et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychologia
ISSN (print)0028-3932
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles