How to format your references using the Neuropsychologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K., 2006. Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science 313, 1454–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, B., Feingold, G., 2009. Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system. Nature 461, 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.X., Cifelli, R.L., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., 2001. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 409, 53–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tu, X., Manohar, S., Jagota, A., Zheng, M., 2009. DNA sequence motifs for structure-specific recognition and separation of carbon nanotubes. Nature 460, 250–253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski, J.W., Nyhoff, J.E., Co, R., Peterson, P.E., 2010. The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brar, S.K., Dhillon, G.S., Soccol, C.R. (Eds.), 2014. Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, F., Xing, C., Wang, G., 2014. Channel Estimation for PLNC Under Time-Selective Fading Scenario, in: Xing, C., Wang, G. (Eds.), Channel Estimation for Physical Layer Network Coding Systems, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Should We Edit Out Genetic Disease? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Transportation Infrastructure: FHWA Should Assess and Compare the Benefits of Projects When Awarding Discretionary Grants (No. RCED-99-263). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, H.P., 2003. The Pragmatics of Direct Address in the Iliad: A Study in Linguistic Politeness (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M., 2017. Principles and Posturing. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson, 2006; Stevens and Feingold, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Feingold, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychologia
ISSN (print)0028-3932
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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