How to format your references using the Neuropsychologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Welcome competition. Nature 432, 783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Normile, D., Kerr, R.A., 2011. Breakthrough of the year. A disaster and a warning--but of what? Science 334, 1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappala, A., Zaccone, A., Terentjev, E.M., 2013. Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels. Sci. Rep. 3, 3103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Davidson, A.J., Ernst, P., Wang, Y., Dekens, M.P.S., Kingsley, P.D., Palis, J., Korsmeyer, S.J., Daley, G.Q., Zon, L.I., 2003. cdx4 mutants fail to specify blood progenitors and can be rescued by multiple hox genes. Nature 425, 300–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd, K., 2005. Measuring Market Risk. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kumar, S., Snooks, H. (Eds.), 2011. Telenursing, Health Informatics. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Pawlak, M., 2016. Investigating Language Learning Motivation from an Ideal Language-Self Perspective: The Case of English Majors in Poland, in: Gałajda, D., Zakrajewski, P., Pawlak, M. (Eds.), Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychologia.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Parts Of The Persian Gulf Could Be Unsafe For Humans By 2100 Due To Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Maritime Administration: Improved Program Management Needed to Address Timely Disposal of Obsolete Ships (No. GAO-05-264). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, H., 2017. Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Revealing What You May Not Care to Tell. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Normile and Kerr, 2011; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Normile and Kerr, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Davidson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychologia
ISSN (print)0028-3932
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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