How to format your references using the Neuroimmunomodulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroimmunomodulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight RT. Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenology. Science. 2007 Jun;316(5831):1578–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mojzsis SJ, Harrison TM. Origin and significance of Archean quartzose rocks at Akilia, Greenland. Science. 2002 Nov;298(5595):917; discussion 917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Linnartz H, Verdes D, Maier JP. Rotationally resolved infrared spectrum of the charge transfer complex [Ar-N2]+. Science. 2002 Aug;297(5584):1166–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nieto P, Pijper E, Barredo D, Laurent G, Olsen RA, Baerends E-J, et al. Reactive and nonreactive scattering of H2 from a metal surface is electronically adiabatic. Science. 2006 Apr;312(5770):86–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çapin TK, Pandzic IS, Magnenat-Thalmann N, Thalmann D. Avatars in Networked Virtual Environments. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
Navratil G, editor. Research Trends in Geographic Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Laghi A, Paolantonio P, Rengo M, Lucchesi P. Artifacts in MR-Angiography. In: Neri E, Cosottini M, Caramella D, editors. MR Angiography of the Body. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroimmunomodulation.

Blog post
Taub B. This Is What Bronze Age Women Looked Like [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Aug


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov CK. Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced. New York Times. 2002 Jun;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroimmunomodulation
ISSN (print)1021-7401
ISSN (online)1423-0216
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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