How to format your references using the Neuroimmunomodulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroimmunomodulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Alley RB. The key to the past? Nature. 2001 Jan;409(6818):289.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fernández A, Lynch M. Non-adaptive origins of interactome complexity. Nature. 2011 May;474(7352):502–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gong M, Kirkeminde A, Ren S. Symmetry-defying iron pyrite (FeS₂) nanocrystals through oriented attachment. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2092.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Lister R, Pelizzola M, Kida YS, Hawkins RD, Nery JR, Hon G, et al. Hotspots of aberrant epigenomic reprogramming in human induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature. 2011 Mar;471(7336):68–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
van Helvoort H. Next Generation SDH/SONET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1
Matloff G. Harvesting Space for a Greener Earth. 2nd ed. 2014. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Morris GL. Sediment Management and Sustainable Use of Reservoirs. In: Wang LK, Yang CT, editors. Modern Water Resources Engineering. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2014; pp 279–337.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroimmunomodulation.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Cosmic Radiation: The Dawn Of New Physics Or Statistical Slip-Up? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/cosmic-radiation-dawn-new-physics-or-statistical-slip/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Computer Operations: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Capacity Management Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Stewart DA. Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Shear MD, Haberman M. Trump Again Says Two Sides at Fault in Rally Violence. New York Times. 2017 Aug;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroimmunomodulation
AbbreviationNeuroimmunomodulation
ISSN (print)1021-7401
ISSN (online)1423-0216
ScopeEndocrinology
Immunology
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
Neurology

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