How to format your references using the Neuroimmunomodulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroimmunomodulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bishop RE. Structural biology: Lipopolysaccharide rolls out the barrel. Nature. 2014 Jul;511(7507):37–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruud J, Brüning JC. Metabolism: Light on leptin link to lipolysis. Nature. 2015 Nov;527(7576):43–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagaki T, Yamada H, Tóth A. Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Nature. 2000 Sep;407(6803):470.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johansson L, Rytkonen A, Bergman P, Albiger B, Källström H, Hökfelt T, et al. CD46 in meningococcal disease. Science. 2003 Jul;301(5631):373–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bromfield R. Doing Therapy with Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Fischer MM, Nijkamp P, editors. Handbook of Regional Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang N, Terano T. Mining Latent Attributes in Neighborhood for Recommender Systems. In: Mastorakis N, Bulucea A, Tsekouras G, editors. Computational Problems in Science and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 129–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroimmunomodulation.

Blog post
Andrew E. We may Finally Know why a Flu Vaccine Triggered Narcolepsy [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jul


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Recovery Act: States’ Use of Highway and Transit Funds and Efforts to Meet the Act’s Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pasricha LA. North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices to Enter the Debate Over Lethal Injection. New York Times. 2007 Sep;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroimmunomodulation
ISSN (print)1021-7401
ISSN (online)1423-0216
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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