How to format your references using the Neuroimmunomodulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroimmunomodulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Remer LA: Atmospheric science. Just add aerosols. Science 2014;344:1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Raymond PA, Bauer JE: Riverine export of aged terrestrial organic matter to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 2001;409:497–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lohman DJ, Bickford D, Sodhi NS: Environment. The burning issue. Science 2007;316:376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Fuller BG, Lampson MA, Foley EA, Rosasco-Nitcher S, Le KV, Tobelmann P, et al.: Midzone activation of aurora B in anaphase produces an intracellular phosphorylation gradient. Nature 2008;453:1132–1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kölle W: Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2017.
An edited book
1
Nowicki A, Litniewski J, Kujawska T (eds): Acoustical Imaging: Volume 31. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Nicosevici T, Garcia R: Online 3D Model Simplification; in Garcia R (ed): Efficient 3D Scene Modeling and Mosaicing. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013, pp 127–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroimmunomodulation.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: India’s Tiger Population Is Up 30% Since 2010. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/conservation-success-india-s-tiger-population-30-2010/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Head Start: Challenges in Monitoring Program Quality and Demonstrating Results. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Warren SM: The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Otis J: Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity. New York Times 2016;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroimmunomodulation
AbbreviationNeuroimmunomodulation
ISSN (print)1021-7401
ISSN (online)1423-0216
ScopeEndocrinology
Immunology
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
Neurology

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