How to format your references using the Nephron Extra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Extra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Halloran J. Materials science. Making better ceramic composites with ice. Science. 2006 Jan;311(5760):479–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Blaauw M, Christen JA. The problems of radiocarbon dating. Science. 2005 Jun;308(5728):1551–3; author reply 1551-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Aitken CM, Jones DM, Larter SR. Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs. Nature. 2004 Sep;431(7006):291–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Dietrich LEP, Teal TK, Price-Whelan A, Newman DK. Redox-active antibiotics control gene expression and community behavior in divergent bacteria. Science. 2008 Aug;321(5893):1203–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
McLaughlin TA. Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1
Ramanujam R, Sarukkai S, editors. Logic and Its Applications: Third Indian Conference, ICLA 2009, Chennai, India, January 7-11, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ma D, Bondade R. Power Loss in Switched-Capacitor Power Converters: Causes and Analysis. In: Bondade R, editor. Reconfigurable Switched-Capacitor Power Converters: Principles and Designs for Self-Powered Microsystems. New York, NY: Springer; 2013; pp 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Extra.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Hitchhiking Robot Treks Across Canada [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/hitchhiking-robot-treks-across-canada/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Eaglen Bertrando SL. Rethinking Workplace Learning in the Digital World: A Case Study of Open Badges. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. In Assessing Agassi, The Title Tells It All. New York Times. 2009 Nov;SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Extra
AbbreviationNephron Extra
ISSN (online)1664-5529
Scope

Other styles