How to format your references using the NanoEthics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NanoEthics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dzenis Y (2004) Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science 304:1917–1919
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brazeau MD, Ahlberg PE (2006) Tetrapod-like middle ear architecture in a Devonian fish. Nature 439:318–321
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Guler U, Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM (2014) Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science 344:263–264
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gandon S, Mackinnon MJ, Nee S, Read AF (2001) Imperfect vaccines and the evolution of pathogen virulence. Nature 414:751–756

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wood T, Anderson M, Analytics F (2010) The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Capco DG, Chen Y (2014) Nanomaterial: Impacts on Cell Biology and Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Horiuchi T, Masamune K, Tsukihara H, et al (2012) Clipping Device with a Clear Liquid-Flushing Endoscope Equipping Wide View Coaxial Nozzle for Edge-to-Edge Repair Surgery without Heart-Lung Machine. In: Dohi T, Liao H (eds) Computer Aided Surgery: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Aided Surgery, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2011, Proceedings. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 38–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NanoEthics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Parasitoid Wasp Gives Ladybirds A Virus That Turns Them Into A Zombie Bodyguard. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/parasitoid-wasp-gives-ladybirds-virus-turns-them-zombie-bodyguard/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Public Transportation: Multiple Factors Influence Extent of Transit-Oriented Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gilbert C (2017) Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG (2011) Along the Heated Trail of the Man Who Created Muslim Superheroes. New York Times C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanoEthics
AbbreviationNanoethics
ISSN (print)1871-4757
ISSN (online)1871-4765
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Philosophy
Management of Technology and Innovation
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles