How to format your references using the NanoEthics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NanoEthics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wolpert AJ (2002) The future of electronic data. Nature 420:17–18
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bland-Hawthorn J, Peebles PJE (2006) Astronomy. Near-field cosmology. Science 313:311–312
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lavine M, Frisk M, Pennisi E (2012) Biomaterials. Introduction. Science 338:899
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Fahrer AM, Bazan JF, Papathanasiou P, et al (2001) A genomic view of immunology. Nature 409:836–838

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baker KR (2011) Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Mathew J, Patra P, Pradhan DK, Kuttyamma AJ (2012) Eco-friendly Computing and Communication Systems: International Conference, ICECCS 2012, Kochi, India, August 9-11, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lai Y, Zheng Y, Cao J (2007) Protocols for Traffic Safety Using Wireless Sensor Network. In: Jin H, Rana OF, Pan Y, Prasanna VK (eds) Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 7th International Conference, ICA3PP 2007, Hangzhou, China, June 11-14, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NanoEthics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Star Survives Supernova. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/star-survives-supernova/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) NASA: Significant Challenges Remain for Access, Use, and Sustainment of the International Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Miller NY (2017) Nutrition education series for female club soccer players 14 to 18 years of age. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J (2016) The ‘Oldest Old’ Brave Another Year. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanoEthics
AbbreviationNanoethics
ISSN (print)1871-4757
ISSN (online)1871-4765
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Philosophy
Management of Technology and Innovation
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles