How to format your references using the Nano Biomedicine and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nano Biomedicine and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang R. Atmospheric science. Getting to the critical nucleus of aerosol formation. Science. 2010; 328(5984):1366–1367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bienz M, He X. Biochemistry. A lipid linchpin for Wnt-Fz docking. Science. 2012; 337(6090):44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wasan DT, Nikolov AD, Brenner H. Fluid dynamics. Droplets speeding on surfaces. Science. 2001; 291(5504):605–606.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mukhtasimova N, Lee WY, Wang H-L, Sine SM. Detection and trapping of intermediate states priming nicotinic receptor channel opening. Nature. 2009; 459(7245):451–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habib MAR. Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Pinelas S, Došlá Z, Došlý O, Kloeden PE, editors. Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mo S, Chen H, Li Y. Topology-Based Data Compression in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Gao H, Lim L, Wang W, Li C, Chen L, editors. Web-Age Information Management: 13th International Conference, WAIM 2012, Harbin, China, August 18-20, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 22–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nano Biomedicine and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J. Male Sparrows With Unfaithful Partners Feed Their Young Less Food [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. HUD Information Systems: Improved Management Practices Needed to Control Integration Cost and Schedule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman F. Terra Forming with You and Me. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. In a Hospital Stay, No Time to Rest. New York Times. 2007; :F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNano Biomedicine and Engineering
AbbreviationNano Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (online)2150-5578
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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