How to format your references using the Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nestler EJ. Epigenetics: Stress makes its molecular mark. Nature. 2012;490:171–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rychert CA, Shearer PM. A global view of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Science. 2009;324:495–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Magavi SS, Leavitt BR, Macklis JD. Induction of neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult mice. Nature. 2000;405:951–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Meng X, Guler U, Kildishev AV, Fujita K, Tanaka K, Shalaev VM. Unidirectional spaser in symmetry-broken plasmonic core-shell nanocavity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grous A. Fracture Mechanics 3. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Marcomini A, Suter GW II, Critto A, editors. Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Delerablée C, Paillier P, Pointcheval D. Fully Collusion Secure Dynamic Broadcast Encryption with Constant-Size Ciphertexts or Decryption Keys. In: Takagi T, Okamoto T, Okamoto E, Okamoto T, editors. Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2007: First International Conference, Tokyo, Japan, July 2-4, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 39–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Biggest Genome Yet Sequenced. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: Engineer Work Shift Length and Schedule Variability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: RCED-92-133.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yahil RJ. The role of interleukin-19 in interleukin-10 production by regulatory macrophages [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. An Old Log Learns Some New Tricks. New York Times. 2017 May 22;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders
AbbreviationMult. Scler. Demyelinating Disord.
ISSN (online)2056-6115
Scope

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