How to format your references using the Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. DeWeerdt S. The beeline. Nature. 2015;521:S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Veigel C, Schmidt CF. Biochemistry. Friction in motor proteins. Science. 2009;325:826–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nader K, Schafe GE, Le Doux JE. Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for reconsolidation after retrieval. Nature. 2000;406:722–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kumar A, Maitra A, Sumit M, Ramaswamy S, Shivashankar GV. Actomyosin contractility rotates the cell nucleus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weisberg HI. Willful Ignorance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Chiba S, Südholt M, Eugster P, Ziarek L, Leavens GT, editors. Transactions on Modularity and Composition I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schnädelbach H, Galani A, Flintham M. Embedded Mixed Reality Environments. In: Dubois E, Gray P, Nigay L, editors. The Engineering of Mixed Reality Systems. London: Springer; 2010. p. 57–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Dogs recognise and respond differently to a left-sided wag than from a right [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dogs-recognise-and-respond-differently-left-sided-wag-right/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Concorde Supersonic Aircraft Trial Entry into Dulles International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Sep. Report No.: 103671.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Russo RA. Using a socio -cultural framework to evaluate farmland preservation policy success in Maryland [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM. Saving Summer in a Jar. New York Times. 2013 Sep 15;LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultiple Sclerosis and Demyelinating Disorders
AbbreviationMult. Scler. Demyelinating Disord.
ISSN (online)2056-6115
Scope

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