How to format your references using the Molecular Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Metabolism (MOLMET). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardcastle, M.J., 2011. Astronomy. Revealing the gamma-ray jet in a black hole binary. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6028): 429–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neufeld, P., Scheck, B., 2010. Making forensic science more scientific. Nature 464(7287): 351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maiorano, D., Moreau, J., Méchali, M., 2000. XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis. Nature 404(6778): 622–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Morin, S., Savarino, J., Frey, M.M., Yan, N., Bekki, S., Bottenheim, J.W., et al., 2008. Tracing the origin and fate of NOx in the Arctic atmosphere using stable isotopes in nitrate. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5902): 730–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiGrado, B.D., Thorp, G.A., 2007. The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stanković, R.S., 2011. From Boolean Logic to Switching Circuits and Automata: Towards Modern Information Technology. vol. 335, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Siebert, C., Rödiger, T., Geyer, S., Laronne, J.B., Hillel, N., Sauter, M., et al., 2016. Multidisciplinary Investigations of the Transboundary Dead Sea Basin and Its Water Resources. In: Borchardt, D., Bogardi, J.J., Ibisch, R.B., editors. Integrated Water Resources Management: Concept, Research and Implementation, Cham: Springer International Publishing p. 107–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Metabolism.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Mystery Of The “Megastructure Star” Deepens. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office., 1998. Medicare: Impact of Changing Transportation Policy for Portable Equipment Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, J.A., 2012. The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chen, D.W., Walsh, M.W., 2014. City’s System for Pensions Shows Strain. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Metab.
ISSN (print)2212-8778
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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