How to format your references using the Molecular Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Metabolism (MOLMET). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yablonovitch, E., 2000. APPLIED PHYSICS: How to Be Truly Photonic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289(5479): 557–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemingway, J., Craig, A., 2004. Parasitology. New ways to control malaria. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303(5666): 1984–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riedel-Kruse, I.H., Müller, C., Oates, A.C., 2007. Synchrony dynamics during initiation, failure, and rescue of the segmentation clock. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5846): 1911–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou, P., Ross, R.A., Pywell, C.M., Liangpunsakul, S., Duffield, G.E., 2014. Disturbances in the murine hepatic circadian clock in alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis. Scientific Reports 4: 3725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rimai, D.S., 2016. Patent Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marcal, P.V., Yamagata, N., 2016. Design and Analysis of Reinforced Fiber Composites. 1st ed. 2016, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Laron, Z., 2011. Diagnosis of Laron Syndrome. In: Laron, Z., Kopchick, J., editors. Laron Syndrome - From Man to Mouse: Lessons from Clinical and Experimental Experience, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer p. 27–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Metabolism.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Your Brain Connections Are As Unique As Your Fingerprint. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office., 2006. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoettler, M.R., 2017. A Publish-Subscribe Framework for Embedded Systems: Simplifying the Development Process. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Another Dutch Sweep Leaves Americans Baffled. New York Times: D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Metab.
ISSN (print)2212-8778
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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