How to format your references using the Molecular Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Metabolism (MOLMET). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarmiento, E.E., 2010. Comment on the paleobiology and classification of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328(5982): 1105; author reply 1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, B.E., Miles, G.P., 2001. Plant biology. One for all? Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5524): 2022–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, X., Su, Y., Fan, Z.H., 2014. Cotinine concentration in serum correlates with tobacco smoke-induced emphysema in mice. Scientific Reports 4: 3864.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Homes, C.C., Vogt, T., Shapiro, S.M., Wakimoto, S., Ramirez, A.P., 2001. Optical response of high-dielectric-constant perovskite-related oxide. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5530): 673–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beckers, B., Beckers, P., 2014. Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kern-Isberner, G., Rödder, W., Kulmann, F., 2005. Conditionals, Information, and Inference: International Workshop, WCII 2002, Hagen, Germany, May 13-15, 2002, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3301, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Silva, V.M.T.M., Gomes, P.S., Rodrigues, A.E., 2012. Use of Ion Exchange Resins in Continuous Chromatography for Sugar Processing. In: Inamuddin, Luqman, M., editors. Ion Exchange Technology II: Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands p. 109–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Astronomers Find Earth-like Planets Orbiting 11-Billion-Year-Old Stars. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office., 2000. Information Technology Management: Small Business Administration Needs Policies and Procedures to Control Key IT Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes, D.L., 2010. Remnants of Life. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Back Underwriters On New Issues. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Metab.
ISSN (print)2212-8778
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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