How to format your references using the Molecular Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Metabolism (MOLMET). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J.M., 2015. Lab-inventory management: Time to take stock. Nature 524(7563): 125–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, L.A., Endler, J.A., 2012. Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6066): 335–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei, L., Chen, Y., Ma, J., 2014. Gas sensing of SnO2 nanocrystals revisited: developing ultra-sensitive sensors for detecting the H2S leakage of biogas. Scientific Reports 4: 6028.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scott, F.L., Stec, B., Pop, C., Dobaczewska, M.K., Lee, J.J., Monosov, E., et al., 2009. The Fas-FADD death domain complex structure unravels signalling by receptor clustering. Nature 457(7232): 1019–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M., 2010. Cost Reduction Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yu, P.S., Han, J., Faloutsos, C., 2010. Link Mining: Models, Algorithms, and Applications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aoun, M.A., 2010. STDP within NDS Neurons. In: Zhang, L., Lu, B.-L., Kwok, J., editors. Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2010: 7th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2010, Shanghai, China, June 6-9, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer p. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Metabolism.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Roadworks Unveil Hidden Haul Of 360-Million-Year-Old Fossils. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office., 1996. Federal Employers’ Liability Act: Issues Associated With Changing How Railroad Work-Related Injuries Are Compensated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venter, W.M., 2016. People and Pride: A Qualitative Study of Place Attachment and Professional Placemakers. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., 2017. A Silent Truce, Shattered in ‘One Square Mile of Danger.’ New York Times: A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Metabolism
AbbreviationMol. Metab.
ISSN (print)2212-8778
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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