How to format your references using the Molecular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang C-C. Perspective: Give youth a chance. Nature 2015;520(7549):S36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek J, Lukas J. Cell biology. Balancing life-or-death decisions. Science 2006;314(5797):261–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tatar M, Bartke A, Antebi A. The endocrine regulation of aging by insulin-like signals. Science 2003;299(5611):1346–1351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suárez G, Santschi C, Slaveykova VI, Martin OJF. Sensing the dynamics of oxidative stress using enhanced absorption in protein-loaded random media. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:3447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhard P-G, Suraud E. Introduction to Cluster Dynamics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
Ishii H, Suematsu M, Tanishita K, Suzuki H, eds. Organ Microcirculation: A Gateway to Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions. Tokyo: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Quarteroni A, Saleri F, Gervasio P. Numerical differentiation and integration. In: Saleri F, Gervasio P, eds. Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave. Texts in Computational Science and Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:107–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hale T. Forget Lab-Grown Meat, Eating Insects Is Best For The Planet. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Additional Costs to Government: Reflagging Kuwaiti Ships and Protecting Them in the Persian Gulf. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark KN. Institutions and Self-Governing Social Systems: Linking Reflexivity and Institutional Theories for Cybersecurity and Other Commons Governance Policies. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. End of the World, in Jersey. New York Times. March 1, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Endocrinology
AbbreviationMol. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)0888-8809
ISSN (online)1944-9917
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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