How to format your references using the Molecular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy CJ. Materials science. Nanocubes and nanoboxes. Science 2002;298(5601):2139–2141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deeks SG, Barré-Sinoussi F. Public health: Towards a cure for HIV. Nature 2012;487(7407):293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tylianakis JM, Tscharntke T, Lewis OT. Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature 2007;445(7124):202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jin R, Cao YC, Hao E, Métraux GS, Schatz GC, Mirkin CA. Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation. Nature 2003;425(6957):487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wong KD. Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Engineering Technologies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Hackstein JHP, ed. (Endo)symbiotic Methanogenic Archaea. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Gorgulho AMSBS, Neves RFMF, Horta NCG. Conclusions and Future Work. In: Neves RFMF, Horta NCG, eds. Intelligent Financial Portfolio Composition based on Evolutionary Computation Strategies. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:69–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hale T. Orcas Documented Hunting Rare Beaked Whales For The First Time Ever. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sindel J. Vulnerability towards disordered eating in students registered in general education nutrition classes. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Government Train To Tolstoy’s Birthplace. New York Times. September 1, 2002:53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Endocrinology
AbbreviationMol. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)0888-8809
ISSN (online)1944-9917
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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