How to format your references using the Molecular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. A whole picture. Nature 2003;422(6929):345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catterall WA, Scott JD. Retrospective. Edwin G. Krebs (1918-2009). Science 2010;327(5965):537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Z, Marsiglio F, Carbotte JP. Vanishing of interband light absorption in a persistent spin helix state. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2828.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Politi A, Cryan MJ, Rarity JG, Yu S, O’Brien JL. Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits. Science 2008;320(5876):646–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zeng K, Lou W, Li M. Multihop Wireless Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Hibbert KM, Chhem RK, Deven T van, Wang S-C, eds. Radiology Education: The Evaluation and Assessment of Clinical Competence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Brennan MF, Antonescu CR, Alektiar KM, Maki RG. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors. In: Antonescu CR, Alektiar KM, Maki RG, eds. Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:77–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Biological Basis of Wolverine’s Regeneration. IFLScience 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Accountable Officers’ Accounts, Minneapolis Postal Data Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz AE. Finding a Place for “Cacega Ayuwipi” within the Structure of American Indian Music and Dance Traditions. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Roadwork on Two Parkways Draws Protest. New York Times. October 19, 2008:LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Endocrinology
AbbreviationMol. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)0888-8809
ISSN (online)1944-9917
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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