How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hecht SS (2011) Perspective: Tackling the real issues. Nature 471:S18
A journal article with 2 authors
Luk Y-Y, Abbott NL (2003) Surface-driven switching of liquid crystals using redox-active groups on electrodes. Science 301:623–626
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun S, Ting C-T, Wu C-I (2004) The normal function of a speciation gene, Odysseus, and its hybrid sterility effect. Science 305:81–83
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Barford CC, Wofsy SC, Goulden ML, et al (2001) Factors controlling long- and short-term sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. Science 294:1688–1691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery GE, Schuch HC (2007) GIS Data Conversion Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dupas C, Houdy P, Lahmani M (2007) Nanoscience: Nanotechnologies and Nanophysics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lee R, Wolpert DH, Bono J, et al (2013) Counter-Factual Reinforcement Learning: How to Model Decision-Makers That Anticipate the Future. In: Guy TV, Karny M, Wolpert D (eds) Decision Making and Imperfection. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 101–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New DNA Technique Means Pointing The Finger At The Right Identical Twin Just Got Easier. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Integrity Management Benefits Public Safety, but Consistency of Performance Measures Should be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cagle West M (2010) Effective software engineering leadership for development programs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) Mastering the Strings Without Hearing a Sound. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Pediatrics
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)2194-7791

Other styles