How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nogrady B (2014) Neurobiology: life beyond the pain. Nature 515:S8-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacob Y, Martienssen R (2012) Molecular biology. All packed up and ready to go. Science 336:1391–1392
A journal article with 3 authors
Yozwiak NL, Schaffner SF, Sabeti PC (2015) Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature 518:477–479
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tanaka H, Homma K, Iwane AH, et al (2002) The motor domain determines the large step of myosin-V. Nature 415:192–195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson D (2012) Visual Guide to Financial Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wagh MS, Draganov PV (2016) Pancreatic Masses: Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bindewald JM, Peterson GL, Miller ME (2015) Trajectory Generation with Player Modeling. In: Barbosa D, Milios E (eds) Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 28th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2015, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, June 2-5, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 42–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Bizarre Ostrich-Like Dino Solves 50-Year-Old Mystery. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Motor Carrier Academy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prochorchik VL (2010) Increasing infant mental health awareness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hartman S (2014) Brooklyn Boxer Rises, but Her Feet Stay on the Ground. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Pediatrics
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)2194-7791

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