How to format your references using the Migration and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Migration and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corbyn, Z. (2015). Research: Biology’s big hit. Nature, 528(7580), S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouibes, A., & Zaoui, A. (2014). High-pressure polymorphs of ZnCO₃: evolutionary crystal structure prediction. Scientific Reports, 4, 5172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weidinger, M., Møller, P., & Fynbo, J. P. U. (2004). The Lyman-alpha glow of gas falling into the dark matter halo of a z = 3 galaxy. Nature, 430(7003), 999–1001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Arantes-Oliveira, N., Apfeld, J., Dillin, A., & Kenyon, C. (2002). Regulation of life-span by germ-line stem cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 502–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beckers, B., & Beckers, P. (2014). Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schenk, M. (2010). Factory Planning Manual: Situation-Driven Production Facility Planning (S. Wirth & E. Müller, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer, M., & Kutrib, M. (2011). Cellular Automata and the Quest for Nontrivial Artificial Self-Reproduction. In M. Gheorghe, T. Hinze, G. Păun, G. Rozenberg, & A. Salomaa (Eds.), Membrane Computing: 11th International Conference, CMC 2010, Jena, Germany, August 24-27, 2010. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 19–36). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Migration and Development.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, October 3). Yoshinori Ohsumi – A Deserving Winner Of The Nobel Prize For Physiology Or Medicine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Promising Practice: Private Programs Guaranteeing Student Aid for Higher Education (PEMD-90-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, K. S. (2008). The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J., Protess, B., & Corkery, M. (2017, August 19). Deal With Saudis Underlines Benefits of Backing President. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corbyn, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bouibes & Zaoui, 2014; Corbyn, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouibes & Zaoui, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Weidinger et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Arantes-Oliveira et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMigration and Development
AbbreviationMigr. Dev.
ISSN (print)2163-2324
ISSN (online)2163-2332

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