How to format your references using the Migration and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Migration and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stevenson, P. A. (2009). Ecology. The key to Pandora’s box. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 594–595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karsenty, G., & Ferron, M. (2012). The contribution of bone to whole-organism physiology. Nature, 481(7381), 314–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bugreev, D. V., Mazina, O. M., & Mazin, A. V. (2006). Rad54 protein promotes branch migration of Holliday junctions. Nature, 442(7102), 590–593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Colmone, A., Amorim, M., Pontier, A. L., Wang, S., Jablonski, E., & Sipkins, D. A. (2008). Leukemic cells create bone marrow niches that disrupt the behavior of normal hematopoietic progenitor cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1861–1865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B. M. (2010). Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Cole, D. R., & Woodrow, C. (Eds.). (2016). Super Dimensions in Globalisation and Education (Vol. 5). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pezzulo, G., Baldassarre, G., Butz, M. V., Castelfranchi, C., & Hoffmann, J. (2007). From Actions to Goals and Vice-Versa: Theoretical Analysis and Models of the Ideomotor Principle and TOTE. In M. V. Butz, O. Sigaud, G. Pezzulo, & G. Baldassarre (Eds.), Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems: From Brains to Individual and Social Behavior (pp. 73–93). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Migration and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 28). Vitamin B3 May Have Originated From Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Organizational Structure and Information Systems Used To Manage the Army’s Depot-Level Maintenance Programs (No. 103401). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duggimpudi, M. B. (2017). Object Ranking Algorithms for Improved Decision Making [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., & Goldstein, M. (2017, March 8). Filing Raises Questions for Nominee to the S.E.C. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stevenson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Karsenty & Ferron, 2012; Stevenson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karsenty & Ferron, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bugreev et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Colmone et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMigration and Development
AbbreviationMigr. Dev.
ISSN (print)2163-2324
ISSN (online)2163-2332

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