How to format your references using the Migration and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Migration and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ter Meulen, V. (2014). Time to settle the synthetic controversy. Nature, 509(7499), 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman, I., & Clausen, B. E. (2010). Immunology. Beta-catenin balances immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 767–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hammarström, P., Schneider, F., & Kelly, J. W. (2001). Trans-suppression of misfolding in an amyloid disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2459–2462.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, K., Liu, Y., Liu, Z., Liu, J., Liu, X., Chen, X., … Zeng, Y. (2013). p38γ overexpression in gliomas and its role in proliferation and apoptosis. Scientific Reports, 3, 2089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinyer, A. (2012). Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ma, Y., Choi, D., & Ata, S. (Eds.). (2008). Challenges for Next Generation Network Operations and Service Management: 11th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium, APNOMS 2008, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5297). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hosking, R. J., & Dewar, R. L. (2016). Waves in Fluids. In R. L. Dewar (Ed.), Fundamental Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics (pp. 113–155). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Migration and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 3). Why Public Health Scholars Should Study Pornography. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station (No. T-IMTEC-87-5). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, J. (2012). Recall after conscious sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures and its effect on patient satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Villarosa, L. (2007, May 1). The Wheezing That Could Signal Childhood Asthma. New York Times, p. H2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (ter Meulen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mellman & Clausen, 2010; ter Meulen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellman & Clausen, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hammarström, Schneider, & Kelly, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMigration and Development
AbbreviationMigr. Dev.
ISSN (print)2163-2324
ISSN (online)2163-2332

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