How to format your references using the Microbiology Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, M. (2000) Applied mathematics. The power of design. Nature 405, 412–413
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo, X. and Silva, S.R.P. (2008) Engineering. High-performance transistors by design. Science 320, 618–619
A journal article with 3 authors
Hay Burgess, D.C. et al. (2006) Global health diagnostics. Nature 444 Suppl 1, 1–2
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Hoorn, C. et al. (2010) Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity. Science 330, 927–931

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L.S. et al. (2015) Design of Steel Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kirst, M. et al., eds. (2011) Converging Disciplines: A Transdisciplinary Research Approach to Urban Health Problems, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Westphal, M. and Emami, P. (2015) Pineal Lesions: A Multidisciplinary Challenge. In Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery: Volume 42 (Schramm, J., ed), pp. 79–102, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology Australia.

Blog post
Fang, J. 05-Mar-(2015) , How Do Mosquitoes Walk On Water? , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Need To Improve Policies and Procedures for Approving Grants Under the Emergency School Assistance Program, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie, L. (2014) , Trust in Leadership: Investigation of Andragogical Learning and Implications for Student Placement Outcomes. , Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 16-Jul-(2006) , QUICK BITE/Elizabeth; Warming Up to Sausage and Dogs. , New York Times, 14NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology Australia
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Aust.
ISSN (print)1324-4272

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