How to format your references using the Microbiology Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P.A. (2008) Physics. An end to the drought of quantum spin liquids. Science 321, 1306–1307
A journal article with 2 authors
Bongaarts, J. and Sinding, S. (2011) Population policy in transition in the developing world. Science 333, 574–576
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor, D.G. et al. (2014) Climate policy. Getting serious about categorizing countries. Science 345, 34–36
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Kewcharoenwong, C. et al. (2013) Glibenclamide reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production by neutrophils of diabetes patients in response to bacterial infection. Sci. Rep. 3, 3363

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison, T.J. (2000) Functional Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lai, X. et al., eds. (2011) Information Security: 14th International Conference, ISC 2011, Xi’an, China, October 26-29, 2011. Proceedings, 7001, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Drałus, G. (2015) Study the Quality of Global Neural Model with Regard to the Local Models of Dynamic Complex System. In Analysis and Simulation of Electrical and Computer Systems (Gołębiowski, L. and Mazur, D., eds), pp. 35–61, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology Australia.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016) These Extraordinary Wind Turbines Could Power Japan For Half A Century Using Just One Typhoon. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Catalog of Human Resource Development Activities, 1988, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano, Y. (2009) Characterization of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase aggregates: Role of disulfide bonds and pathway for aggregation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017) It’s Time to Retrieve Time’s Time CapsuleNew York Times, A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology Australia
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Aust.
ISSN (print)1324-4272

Other styles