How to format your references using the Microbiology Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nattel, S. (2002) New ideas about atrial fibrillation 50 years on. Nature 415, 219–226
A journal article with 2 authors
DeVore, N.M. and Scott, E.E. (2012) Structures of cytochrome P450 17A1 with prostate cancer drugs abiraterone and TOK-001. Nature 482, 116–119
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Q. et al. (2012) Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite. Nature 483, 594–597
A journal article with 3 or more authors
O’Brien, J.L. et al. (2003) Demonstration of an all-optical quantum controlled-NOT gate. Nature 426, 264–267

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann, U. (2005) Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Arena, P., ed. (2008) Dynamical Systems, Wave-Based Computation and Neuro-Inspired Robots, 500Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fischer, T. and Abrams, J. (2005) Selected Projects. In Julie Snow Architects (Abrams, J., ed), pp. 17–17, Princeton Archit. Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology Australia.

Blog post
Fang, J. 06-Aug-(2015) , Nectar Or Pollen? Bumblebees Pick Their Cargo Based On How Windy It Is. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Excess and Surplus Personal Property Transfer Program, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D.A. (2008) , Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses. , Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 17-Aug-(2017) , Liza, Liza, Skies Are Grey. , New York Times, C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology Australia
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Aust.
ISSN (print)1324-4272

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