How to format your references using the Microbiology Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Combes, S.A. (2015) Neuroscience: Dragonflies predict and plan their hunts. Nature 517, 279–280
A journal article with 2 authors
Doulatov, S. and Daley, G.Q. (2013) Development. A stem cell perspective on cellular engineering. Science 342, 700–702
A journal article with 3 authors
Fay, J.C. et al. (2002) Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature 415, 1024–1026
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Springel, V. et al. (2008) Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo. Nature 456, 73–76

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perini, K. and Sabbion, P. (2017) Urban Sustainability and River Restoration, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Rocha, M.P. et al., eds. (2010) Advances in Bioinformatics: 4th International Workshop on Practical Applications of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 2010 (IWPACBB 2010), 74Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Askari, A. and Mangwani, J. (2013) Trauma and Orthopedic Emergencies. In Surgical Emergencies in Clinical Practice (Shergill, I. et al., eds), pp. 53–71, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology Australia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 27-Mar-(2014) , Homo Minitus- The Benchtop Human. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Reserve Training: An Alternative to the Active Army Education Program for National Guard Technicians, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, S. (2013) , Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and its Chimeras with Orai1. , Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 04-Nov-(1992) , THE 1992 ELECTIONS: CELEBRATION MAN IN THE NEWS: William Jefferson Blythe Clinton; A Man Who Wants to Be Liked, and Is. , New York Times, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology Australia
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Aust.
ISSN (print)1324-4272

Other styles