How to format your references using the Microarrays citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microarrays. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty, M. Sociology. A Theory of City Size. Science 2013, 340, 1418–1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machner, M.P.; Isberg, R.R. A Bifunctional Bacterial Protein Links GDI Displacement to Rab1 Activation. Science 2007, 318, 974–977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chonan, S.; Kato, S.; Aoki, T. Efficient Single-Mode Photon-Coupling Device Utilizing a Nanofiber Tip. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4785.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Safina, C.; Rosenberg, A.A.; Myers, R.A.; Quinn, T.J., 2nd; Collie, J.S. Oceans. U.S. Ocean Fish Recovery: Staying the Course. Science 2005, 309, 707–708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pahl, J. Interference Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119065296.
An edited book
Inequalities and Applications: Conference on Inequalities and Applications, Noszvaj (Hungary), September 2007; Bandle, C., Losonczi, L., Gilányi, A., Páles, Z., Plum, M., Eds.; International Series of Numerical Mathematics; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2009; Vol. 157; ISBN 9783764387723.
A chapter in an edited book
Schellhorn, G. Refinement of State-Based Systems: ASMs and Big Commuting Diagrams (Abstract). In Abstract State Machines, B and Z: First International Conference, ABZ 2008, London, UK, September 16-18, 2008. Proceedings; Börger, E., Butler, M., Bowen, J.P., Boca, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 39–41 ISBN 9783540876021.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microarrays.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Space-Grown Salad To Be Eaten On ISS For The First Time (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Airspace System: FAA Reauthorization Issues Are Critical to System Transformation and Operations; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C.J. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again. New York Times 2005, E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroarrays
AbbreviationMicroarrays (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3905

Other styles