How to format your references using the Mental Health and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci, G. (2003). Materials science. Polymers go with the flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1681–1682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domokos, G., & Scheuring, I. (2002). Random perturbations and lattice effects in chaotic population dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2163; discussion 2163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naranjo, B., Gimzewski, J. K., & Putterman, S. (2005). Observation of nuclear fusion driven by a pyroelectric crystal. Nature, 434(7037), 1115–1117.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aoki, Y., Endrodi, G., Fodor, Z., Katz, S. D., & Szabó, K. K. (2006). The order of the quantum chromodynamics transition predicted by the standard model of particle physics. Nature, 443(7112), 675–678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubin, D. (2005). Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Felsenthal, D. S., & Machover, M. (Eds.). (2012). Electoral Systems: Paradoxes, Assumptions, and Procedures. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, H., & Oxley, L. (2012). Data Description. In L. Oxley (Ed.), China’s Energy Economy: Situation, Reforms, Behavior, and Energy Intensity (pp. 101–124). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health and Physical Activity.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, December 23). Ebola Vaccine Found To Be 100 Percent Effective In Trial. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits] (B-256481). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perkins, J. (2017). “Inside of each story was a piece of my story”: Applied folklore addressing stigma around perinatal mood and anxiety disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. (2009, June 19). 2 Families, and No Room for Guilt. New York Times, C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marrucci, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Domokos & Scheuring, 2002; Marrucci, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Domokos & Scheuring, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Naranjo et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Aoki et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health and Physical Activity
AbbreviationMent. Health Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1755-2966
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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