How to format your references using the Mental Health and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2000). Shareholder sues Celera over loss. Nature, 405(6782), 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gick, B., & Derrick, D. (2009). Aero-tactile integration in speech perception. Nature, 462(7272), 502–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furey, M. L., Pietrini, P., & Haxby, J. V. (2000). Cholinergic enhancement and increased selectivity of perceptual processing during working memory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2315–2319.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Webster, S. M., Del Camino, D., Dekker, J. P., & Yellen, G. (2004). Intracellular gate opening in Shaker K+ channels defined by high-affinity metal bridges. Nature, 428(6985), 864–868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, R. (2010). Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Jayyusi, L., & Roald, A. S. (Eds.). (2016). Media and Political Contestation in the Contemporary Arab World: A Decade of Change. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Benozzo, A., Carey, N., McKenna, T., & Vicars, M. (2012). Gay and Queer Coming Out into Europe (Part 1). In M. Vicars, T. McKenna, & J. White (Eds.), Discourse, Power, and Resistance Down Under (pp. 41–57). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health and Physical Activity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 13). 10 Of The Strangest Known Medical Conditions. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Space Station: Improving NASA’s Planning for External Maintenance (No. NSIAD-92-271). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, R. J. (2014). A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns, A., & Goodnough, A. (2017, May 6). Democrats Focus On Bill’s Stance On Prior Illness. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gick & Derrick, 2009; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gick & Derrick, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Furey, Pietrini, & Haxby, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Webster, Del Camino, Dekker, & Yellen, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health and Physical Activity
AbbreviationMent. Health Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1755-2966
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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