How to format your references using the Medical Mycology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Mycology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, Europe told to unite on spy satellites, Nature. 422 (2003) 361.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Barry, C.F. Doeller, Neuroscience. 3D mapping in the brain, Science. 340 (2013) 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.F. Dolan, S.A. Christofferson, J.H. Shaw, Recognition of paleoearthquakes on the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, California, Science. 300 (2003) 115–118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Kidwingira, J.D. Strand, D.J. Van Harlingen, Y. Maeno, Dynamical superconducting order parameter domains in Sr2RuO4, Science. 314 (2006) 1267–1271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. DiBattista, Novel Characters, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
R. Sen, Secularism and Religion in Multi-faith Societies: The Case of India, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Ejnisman, B.B. Terra, A. Costantini, Coracoid Process, in: G.I. Bain, E. Itoi, G. Di Giacomo, H. Sugaya (Eds.), Normal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Mycology Case Reports.

Blog post
J. Davis, New Drug Therapies Can Treat Even The Most Resistant Strains Of TB, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Next Generation Air Transportation System: Preliminary Analysis of Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.W. Lange, Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Blecher, The Diners Fade Away, New York Times. (2016) MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Mycology Case Reports
AbbreviationMed. Mycol. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2211-7539
Infectious Diseases

Other styles