How to format your references using the Medical Epigenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Epigenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann RS. Neuroscience. The Michael Jackson fly. Science. 2014 Apr;344(6179):48–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lowell BB, Shulman GI. Mitochondrial dysfunction and type 2 diabetes. Science. 2005 Jan;307(5708):384–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonsson GE, Miljkovic V, Dmitriev A. Nanoplasmon-enabled macroscopic thermal management. Sci Rep. 2014 May;4:5111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Condon MA, Scheffer SJ, Lewis ML, Swensen SM. Hidden neotropical diversity: greater than the sum of its parts. Science. 2008 May;320(5878):928–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad SR, Cartwright M. Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Goossens S. Memory Controllers for Mixed-Time-Criticality Systems: Architectures, Methodologies and Trade-offs. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreassi L, Ubertini S, Bove R, Sammes NM. CFD-Based Results for Planar and Micro-Tubular Single Cell Designs. In: Bove R, Ubertini S, editors. Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Methods, Procedures and Techniques. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008; pp 97–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Epigenetics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Plans Are Under Way To Contact Any Aliens Around Nearby Stars [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Dec


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerman GL. Information technology in the K–12 classroom: Curriculum and instruction reflecting emerging capacity and paradigms. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa S, Hubbard B. Yemen Airstrike Kills at Least 16. New York Times. 2017 Mar;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Epigenetics
AbbreviationMed. Epigenet.
ISSN (online)1664-5561

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