How to format your references using the Medical Epigenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Epigenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Chenn A: Eppendorf & Science Prize. Essays on science and society. Making a bigger brain by regulating cell cycle exit. Science 2002;298:766–767.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Frank T, Friedrich RW: Neurobiology: Individuality sniffed out in flies. Nature 2015;526:200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Saborio GP, Permanne B, Soto C: Sensitive detection of pathological prion protein by cyclic amplification of protein misfolding. Nature 2001;411:810–813.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Bargheer M, Zhavoronkov N, Gritsai Y, Woo JC, Kim DS, Woerner M, et al.: Coherent atomic motions in a nanostructure studied by femtosecond X-ray diffraction. Science 2004;306:1771–1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bakus GJ: Quantitative Analysis of Marine Biological Communities. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
1
Shekhar R, Wesarg S, González Ballester MÁ, Drechsler K, Sato Y, Erdt M, et al. (eds): Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Blonder R, Sakhnini S: What Are the Basic Concepts of Nanoscale Science and Technology (NST) that Should Be Included in NST Educational Programs?; in Winkelmann K, Bhushan B (eds): Global Perspectives of Nanoscience and Engineering Education. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 117–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Epigenetics.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: Why A Pill To Prevent HIV Is Causing Great Controversy. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-pill-prevent-hiv-causing-great-controversy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: ADP Planning: Allegations of Inadequate Procurements at the National Archives. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Nguyen HM: Valuation effects and external adjustment 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Robinson L: Internal Injuries. New York Times 2015;BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Epigenetics
AbbreviationMed. Epigenet.
ISSN (online)1664-5561
Scope

Other styles