How to format your references using the Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ravishankara, A.R.: Atmospheric science. Water vapor in the lower stratosphere. Science. 337, 809–810 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Peck, J.R., Waxman, D.: Mutation and sex in a competitive world. Nature. 406, 399–404 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, W., Dunkle, J.A., Cate, J.H.D.: Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science. 325, 1014–1017 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chan, C.K.F., Chen, C.-C., Luppen, C.A., Kim, J.-B., DeBoer, A.T., Wei, K., Helms, J.A., Kuo, C.J., Kraft, D.L., Weissman, I.L.: Endochondral ossification is required for haematopoietic stem-cell niche formation. Nature. 457, 490–494 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Islam, J.S., Zatzman, G.M., Mughal, M.A.H., Rahman, M.S.: The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Arizpe, L., Amescua, C. eds: Anthropological Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Gertz, O., McGlashan, D.: Consumer-Centric Programmatic Advertising. In: Busch, O. (ed.) Programmatic Advertising: The Successful Transformation to Automated, Data-Driven Marketing in Real-Time. pp. 55–73. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Incredible MRI Images Show What An Opera Singer Looks Like On The Inside While Singing,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intercollegiate Athletics: Four-Year Colleges’ Experiences Adding and Discontinuing Teams. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, M.Y.: My Concierge MD, Inc. a business plan, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.: Sketching an Artistic Love Triangle, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravishankara 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Peck and Waxman 2000; Ravishankara 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peck and Waxman 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
AbbreviationMech. Time Depend. Mater.
ISSN (print)1385-2000
ISSN (online)1573-2738
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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