How to format your references using the Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ory, J.: Scientists and societies. Two-body problem. Nature. 429, 788 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawasaki, H., Taira, K.: Hes1 is a target of microRNA-23 during retinoic-acid-induced neuronal differentiation of NT2 cells. Nature. 423, 838–842 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Chonan, S., Kato, S., Aoki, T.: Efficient single-mode photon-coupling device utilizing a nanofiber tip. Sci. Rep. 4, 4785 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J., Li, J., Deng, B., Jiang, H., Wang, Z., Yu, M., Li, L., Xing, C., Li, Y.: Self-healing of the superhydrophobicity by ironing for the abrasion durable superhydrophobic cotton fabrics. Sci. Rep. 3, 2951 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, D.: The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Volpi, P. ed: Arthroscopy and Sport Injuries: Applications in High-level Athletes. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Delgado, A., Jensen, R.M., Schulte, C.: Generating Optimal Stowage Plans for Container Vessel Bays. In: Gent, I.P. (ed.) Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2009: 15th International Conference, CP 2009 Lisbon, Portugal, September 20-24, 2009 Proceedings. pp. 6–20. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: 2016, The Year That Was: Science And Technology,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Independent Auditor’s Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2016 Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guillory, M.K.: An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Tennessee, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Caramanica, J.: Sometimes Heartbreak Is a Blessing, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ory 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kawasaki and Taira 2003; Ory 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawasaki and Taira 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
AbbreviationMech. Time Depend. Mater.
ISSN (print)1385-2000
ISSN (online)1573-2738
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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