How to format your references using the Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulsson, J.: Summing up the noise in gene networks. Nature. 427, 415–418 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mühlenbruch, B., Jochimsen, M.A.: Research policy: Only wholesale reform will bring equality. Nature. 495, 40–42 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Jamtveit, B., Austrheim, H., Malthe-Sørenssen, A.: Accelerated hydration of the Earth’s deep crust induced by stress perturbations. Nature. 408, 75–78 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., Ge, X., Yu, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, Y., Luan, Y., Sun, J., Qu, J., Jin, Z.-B., Gu, F.: Identification of three novel mutations in the FRMD7 gene for X-linked idiopathic congenital nystagmus. Sci. Rep. 4, 3745 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, B.: Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Hansel, D.E., McKenney, J.K., Stephenson, A.J., Chang, S.S. eds: The Urinary Tract: A Comprehensive Guide to Patient Diagnosis and Management. Springer, New York, NY (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Carlson, G.W., De Lorenzi, F., Rietjens, M., Manconi, A., Hoch, D., Benditte-Klepetko, H., Bartsch, R., Gösseringer, N., Deutinger, M., Friedrich, M., Salehin, D., Krämer, S., Schrenk, P., Huemer, G.M., Munder, B., Andree, C., Schoeller, T., Pülzl, P.: OPS and Mastectomy. In: Fitzal, F. and Schrenk, P. (eds.) Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice. pp. 133–192. Springer, Vienna (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Common Science Myths That Most People Believe,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Utilization at Aberdeen Proving Ground’s ADP Installation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales, M.: Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J.: Corruption in New York: An Unscrupulous History, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulsson 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mühlenbruch and Jochimsen 2013; Paulsson 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mühlenbruch and Jochimsen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
AbbreviationMech. Time Depend. Mater.
ISSN (print)1385-2000
ISSN (online)1573-2738
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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