How to format your references using the Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Churchland, P.S.: Self-representation in nervous systems. Science. 296, 308–310 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, G.X., Poo, M.-M.: Requirement of TRPC channels in netrin-1-induced chemotropic turning of nerve growth cones. Nature. 434, 898–904 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarola, V.W., Park, K., Jain, J.K.: Cooper instability of composite fermions. Nature. 406, 863–865 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, F., Wang, R., Aku-Leh, C., Yang, H.X., He, R., Zhao, J.: Double charge ordering states and spin ordering state observed in a RFe2O4 system. Sci. Rep. 4, 6429 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D.P.: Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 1 Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01, Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628 (2011)
An edited book
Chae, J. ed: Initial Results from the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS). Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, Z., Li, Q., Ding, H.: Mobility Analysis Part-2. In: Li, Q. and Ding, H. (eds.) Theory of Parallel Mechanisms. pp. 71–133. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Largest Ever Yellow Hypergiant Star Spotted


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J.W.: Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Sorry, Wrong Number, but Hey, Let’s Have a Talk, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Churchland 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Churchland 2002; Wang and Poo 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Poo 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
AbbreviationMech. Time Depend. Mater.
ISSN (print)1385-2000
ISSN (online)1573-2738
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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