How to format your references using the Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham, R.: Lessons from the Haiti earthquake. Nature. 463, 878–879 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, J., Lai, Y.: Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5875 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., Maccone, L.: Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature. 412, 417–419 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, W., Feng, Z., Teresky, A.K., Levine, A.J.: p53 regulates maternal reproduction through LIF. Nature. 450, 721–724 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh, B.C., Grubaugh, A.L., Elhai, J.D., Ford, J.D.: Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2012)
An edited book
Rowiński, P., Radecki-Pawlik, A. eds: Rivers – Physical, Fluvial and Environmental Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, C.M., He, F.: Concluding Remarks. In: He, F. (ed.) Electromigration Modeling at Circuit Layout Level. pp. 101–103. Springer, Singapore (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials.

Blog post
Fang, J.: How One Bird Got Three Such Different-Looking Males,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morissette, T.M.: Elder friendliness and social participation of older adults living within age-segregated retirement communities, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M.: A New Press Secretary, for a President at War With the Press, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilham 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham 2010; Luo and Lai 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Lai 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
AbbreviationMech. Time Depend. Mater.
ISSN (print)1385-2000
ISSN (online)1573-2738
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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