How to format your references using the Mathematical Programming Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Programming Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnabel, J.: Amyloid: little proteins, big clues. Nature. 475, S12-4 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., Norman, C.: 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science. 331, 847–856 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Davison, P.A., Hunter, C.N., Horton, P.: Overexpression of beta-carotene hydroxylase enhances stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Nature. 418, 203–206 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, X., Chen, W., Li, J., Chen, X., Rui, R., Liu, C., Sun, Y., Liu, L., Gong, J., Yuan, P.: Body mass index and risk of breast cancer: a nonlinear dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 7480 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R.: Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Moemeka, E.: Real World Windows 8 App Development with JavaScript: Create Great Windows Store Apps. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Andrade, W.L., Machado, P.D.L.: Interruption Testing of Reactive Systems. In: Oliveira, M.V.M. and Woodcock, J. (eds.) Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications: 12th Brazilian Symposium on Formal Methods, SBMF 2009 Gramado, Brazil, August 19-21, 2009 Revised Selected Papers. pp. 37–53. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Programming Computation.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Facial Recognition Tells Lemurs Apart,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Protest Against Rejection of Bid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1973)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stuart, K.: The Relationship Between Weather and Lunar Changes on Student Achievement and Measures School Districts Utilize to Combat Potential Impact, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Brookhaven Lab Avoids Cuts in Budget, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Programming Computation
AbbreviationMath. Program. Comput.
ISSN (print)1867-2949
ISSN (online)1867-2957
Theoretical Computer Science

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