How to format your references using the Mathematical Programming Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Programming Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Empire building: Vienna. Nature. 416, 4–5 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohrbach, A., Schmidt, M.W.: Redox freezing and melting in the Earth’s deep mantle resulting from carbon-iron redox coupling. Nature. 472, 209–212 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, R., Jamieson, A., Cresswell, P.: GILT is a critical host factor for Listeria monocytogenes infection. Nature. 455, 1244–1247 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Viboud, C., Bjørnstad, O.N., Smith, D.L., Simonsen, L., Miller, M.A., Grenfell, B.T.: Synchrony, waves, and spatial hierarchies in the spread of influenza. Science. 312, 447–451 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner, H.: Project Management 2.0. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Chung, Y., Yung, M. eds: Information Security Applications: 11th International Workshop, WISA 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, August 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Tomalty, R., Mallach, A.: Differences in Urban Form and Transportation Systems. In: Mallach, A. (ed.) America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border. pp. 71–98. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Programming Computation.

Blog post
Carpineti, C.: Watch The Moment A Baby Kangaroo Is Rescued From Dead Mother’s Pouch


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Railroad Regulation: Competitive Access and Its Effects on Selected Railroads and Shippers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, E.: Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L.: Optimism in the Mormon Heartland, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Programming Computation
AbbreviationMath. Program. Comput.
ISSN (print)1867-2949
ISSN (online)1867-2957
Theoretical Computer Science

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