How to format your references using the Mathematical Methods of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer D (2012) Planetary science: early start for rocky planets. Nature 486:331–332
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalski JR, Bleacher JE (2013) Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars. Nature 502:47–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnett TP, Adam JC, Lettenmaier DP (2005) Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions. Nature 438:303–309
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Park I-H, Zhao R, West JA, et al (2008) Reprogramming of human somatic cells to pluripotency with defined factors. Nature 451:141–146

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ma AD, Roberts HR, Escobar MA (2012) Hemophilia and Hemostasis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Margaria T, Steffen B (eds) (2010) Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: 4th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications, ISoLA 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, October 18-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Manzon M (2014) Comparing Places. In: Bray M, Adamson B, Mason M (eds) Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 97–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Cancer-Detecting Dog Trials Approved By The NHS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Charter Bus Service: Local Factors Determine Effectiveness of Federal Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakirci A (2010) Proteomic analysis of hepatocyte proteins in response to in vivo iron overload. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) A Quiet Member of the Canon. New York Times BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fischer 2012; Michalski and Bleacher 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michalski and Bleacher 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Methods of Operations Research
AbbreviationMath. Methods Oper. Res. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)1432-2994
ISSN (online)1432-5217
Management Science and Operations Research
General Mathematics

Other styles