How to format your references using the Mathematical Methods of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2000) Physicists haunted by hints of Higgs boson. Nature 407:118
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell IH, O’Neill HSC (2012) Evidence against a chondritic Earth. Nature 483:553–558
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood MJ, Storz G, Tjandra N (2004) Structural basis for redox regulation of Yap1 transcription factor localization. Nature 430:917–921
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fouchier R, Kuiken T, Rimmelzwaan G, Osterhaus A (2005) Global task force for influenza. Nature 435:419–420

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa F, Gautier C, Labouré E, Revol B (2013) Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chan HK (2013) Fuzzy Hierarchical Model for Risk Assessment: Principles, Concepts, and Practical Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Imono M, Yoshimura E, Tsuchiya S, Watabe H (2015) Method of Embodying the Newspaper Headlines by Using Words and Phrases in the Article. In: Tweedale JW, Jain LC, Watada J, Howlett RJ (eds) Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Bacteria Found In Poop Is Linked To The Body Fat Surrounding Organs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Information on Prime Sponsor CETA Expenditures Related to Membership Organizations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaramillo MA (2017) Morphology of ferromagnetic thin films on nanosphere templates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) On What He Really Said, and Whom He Is Blaming for It. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2000; Campbell and O’Neill 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and O’Neill 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fouchier et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Methods of Operations Research
AbbreviationMath. Methods Oper. Res. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)1432-2994
ISSN (online)1432-5217
Management Science and Operations Research
General Mathematics

Other styles