How to format your references using the Mathematical Methods of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White MF (2015) Longevity: Mapping the path to a longer life. Nature 524:170–171
A journal article with 2 authors
Treacy MMJ, Borisenko KB (2012) The local structure of amorphous silicon. Science 335:950–953
A journal article with 3 authors
Arendt D, Technau U, Wittbrodt J (2001) Evolution of the bilaterian larval foregut. Nature 409:81–85
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Eckburg PB, Bik EM, Bernstein CN, et al (2005) Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora. Science 308:1635–1638

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaskar K, Varadan Retd. TK (2014) Plates. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ahmad VU, Basha A (eds) (2007) Spectroscopic Data of Steroid Glycosides: Cholestanes, Ergostanes, Withanolides, Stigmastane: Volume 1. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Alberti AM (2010) Future Network Architectures: Technological Challenges and Trends. In: Tronco T (ed) New Network Architectures: The Path to the Future Internet. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) This Algorithm Is Better Than You At Picking Out A Lie Online. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Higher Education: Use of New Data Could Help Improve Oversight of Distance Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hughes LL (2010) The principalship: Preparation programs and the self-efficacy of principals. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tanenhaus S (2014) The Spirit of ’14. New York Times MM24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Treacy and Borisenko 2012; White 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Treacy and Borisenko 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Eckburg et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Methods of Operations Research
AbbreviationMath. Methods Oper. Res. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)1432-2994
ISSN (online)1432-5217
Management Science and Operations Research
General Mathematics

Other styles