How to format your references using the Mathematical Methods of Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown KR (2014) Physics Probing the electron. Science 343:255–256
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa A, Tanaka H (2006) Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow. Nature 443:434–438
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe Y, Farquhar J, Ohmoto H (2009) Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science 324:370–373
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Singer PA, Berndtson K, Tracy CS, et al (2007) A tough transition. Nature 449:160–163

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary SA (2010) Mastering Corporate Finance Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ebbinghaus HD (2015) Ernst Zermelo: An Approach to His Life and Work, 2nd ed. 2015. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tam AL (2011) Mediastinal Biopsy. In: Gervais DA, Sabharwal T (eds) Interventional Radiology Procedures in Biopsy and Drainage. Springer, London, pp 31–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Methods of Operations Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) It Now Looks Certain That 2016 Will Be The Hottest Year On Record. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Youngbull NR (2017) The (Un)Success of American Indian Gates Millennium Scholars Within Institutions of Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Furukawa and Tanaka 2006; Brown 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa and Tanaka 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Singer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Methods of Operations Research
AbbreviationMath. Methods Oper. Res. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)1432-2994
ISSN (online)1432-5217
Management Science and Operations Research
General Mathematics

Other styles