How to format your references using the Mathematical Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, Swedish strategies, Nature. 449 (2007) 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Rosch, M. Caparon, A microdomain for protein secretion in Gram-positive bacteria, Science. 304 (2004) 1513–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.A. Gurley, J.C. Rink, A. Sánchez Alvarado, Beta-catenin defines head versus tail identity during planarian regeneration and homeostasis, Science. 319 (2008) 323–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Zhang, J. Zhou, R. Jiang, H. Yang, P.R. Carney, H. Jiang, Pre-seizure state identified by diffuse optical tomography, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Godwin, International Construction Contracts, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
S.W.H. Cowley FRS, D. Southwood, S. Mitton, eds., Magnetospheric Plasma Physics: The Impact of Jim Dungey’s Research, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A.B. Mukherjee, P. Bhattacharya, A. Sarkar, R. Zevenhoven, Mercury emissions from industrial sources in India and its effects in the environment, in: R. Mason, N. Pirrone (Eds.), Mercury Fate and Transport in the Global Atmosphere: Emissions, Measurements and Models, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 81–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Biosciences.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, NASA’s Mission To Metal Asteroid Psyche Will Now Arrive Four Years Earlier, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Distance Learning: Opportunities Exist for DOD to Capitalize on Services’ Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. Cherukuri, 1, 3-Dipolar Reaction of gem-Dicyanoepoxide with a Fluoro-Olefin, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Barry, S. Kishkovsky, Latest Twist at Bolshoi: Director Is Pushed Out, New York Times. (2013) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Biosciences
AbbreviationMath. Biosci.
ISSN (print)0025-5564
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Immunology and Microbiology
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Medicine

Other styles