How to format your references using the Mathematical Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.P. Trivedi, Neuroscience: Dissecting appetite, Nature. 508 (2014) S64-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Korkusinski, P. Hawrylak, Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
O.R. Wearn, D.C. Reuman, R.M. Ewers, Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon, Science. 337 (2012) 228–232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Qiao, H. Molina, A. Pandey, J. Zhang, P.A. Cole, Chemical rescue of a mutant enzyme in living cells, Science. 311 (2006) 1293–1297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.B. Kuo, S.-C. Lin, Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, 2002.
An edited book
A.V. Mikhailov, ed., Integrability, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Wu, D.Z. Chen, K. Li, M. Sonka, The Layered Net Surface Problems in Discrete Geometry and Medical Image Segmentation, in: X. Deng, D.-Z. Du (Eds.), Algorithms and Computation: 16th International Symposium, ISAAC 2005, Sanya, Hainan, China, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 17–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Biosciences.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Shiny Metal Meteorite Spotted By Curiosity On Mars, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.E. Verret, Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Nossiter, R. Gladstone, Series of Shootings and Blasts, Apparently Coordinated, New York Times. (2015) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Biosciences
AbbreviationMath. Biosci.
ISSN (print)0025-5564
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Immunology and Microbiology
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Medicine

Other styles