How to format your references using the Mathematical Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.H. Alford, Redistribution of energy available for ocean mixing by long-range propagation of internal waves, Nature. 423 (2003) 159–162.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Hueso, A. Sánchez-Lavega, Methane storms on Saturn’s moon Titan, Nature. 442 (2006) 428–431.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.K. Ryugo, E.A. Kretzmer, J.K. Niparko, Restoration of auditory nerve synapses in cats by cochlear implants, Science. 310 (2005) 1490–1492.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Pielke Jr, G. Prins, S. Rayner, D. Sarewitz, Climate change 2007: lifting the taboo on adaptation, Nature. 445 (2007) 597–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.-J. Zepernick, A. Finger, Pseudo Random Signal Processing, John Wiley & Sons Ltd,., West Sussex, England, 2005.
An edited book
V. Siris, K. Anagnostakis, S. Ioannidis, P. Trimintzios, eds., Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Computer Network Defense, 1st ed., Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Lewis, In Asia, For the World: Liberal Education and Innovation, in: W.C. Kirby, M.C. van der Wende (Eds.), Experiences in Liberal Arts and Science Education from America, Europe, and Asia: A Dialogue across Continents, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016: pp. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Biosciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, After 400 Years, Mathematicians Find A New Class Of Solid Shapes, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.K. Danso Odei, Effective Resolution of The Bibiani-Anhwianso-Bekwai District Healthcare Delivery System: An Outcome-Based Evaluative Case, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Erlanger, For Wary World, True Trump Aims Remain Unknown, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Biosciences
AbbreviationMath. Biosci.
ISSN (print)0025-5564
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Immunology and Microbiology
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Medicine

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