How to format your references using the Marine Pollution Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Pollution Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerp, H., 2002. Atmospheric CO2 from fossil plant cuticles. Nature 415, 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suzuki, Y., Nijhout, H.F., 2006. Evolution of a polyphenism by genetic accommodation. Science 311, 650–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lacks, D.J., Van Orman, J.A., Lesher, C.E., 2012. Isotope fractionation in silicate melts. Nature 482, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cayirlioglu, P., Kadow, I.G., Zhan, X., Okamura, K., Suh, G.S.B., Gunning, D., Lai, E.C., Zipursky, S.L., 2008. Hybrid neurons in a microRNA mutant are putative evolutionary intermediates in insect CO2 sensory systems. Science 319, 1256–1260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth, W.J., 2012. Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kendal, S.L., 2007. An Introduction to Knowledge Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Hentschel, C., Stober, S., Nürnberger, A., Detyniecki, M., 2008. Automatic Image Annotation Using a Visual Dictionary Based on Reliable Image Segmentation, in: Boujemaa, N., Detyniecki, M., Nürnberger, A. (Eds.), Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Retrieval, User, and Semantics: 5th International Workshop, AMR 2007, Paris, France, July 5-6, 2007 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. It’s survival of the most useful when protecting species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Embedded Computers: B-1B Computers Must Be Upgraded to Support Conventional Requirements (No. AIMD-96-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kao, C.H., 2012. Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Unshaken by Her Low Ranking, Wozniacki Easily Defeats Keys. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerp, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kerp, 2002; Suzuki and Nijhout, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suzuki and Nijhout, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cayirlioglu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Pollution Bulletin
AbbreviationMar. Pollut. Bull.
ISSN (print)0025-326X
ScopeAquatic Science

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