How to format your references using the Marine Pollution Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Pollution Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan-Robinson, M., 2009. Astronomy. Probing the cold universe. Science 325, 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J., Sutley, N., 2010. Science policy. Proposed U.S. policy for ocean, coast, and Great Lakes stewardship. Science 328, 1485–1486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, N.D., Holland, L.Z., Holland, P.W.H., 2015. Scenarios for the making of vertebrates. Nature 520, 450–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawasaki, Y., Lee, J., Matsuzawa, A., Kohda, T., Kaneko-Ishino, T., Ishino, F., 2014. Active DNA demethylation is required for complete imprint erasure in primordial germ cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 3658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain, G.D., 2012. Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gorrieri, R., Wehrheim, H. (Eds.), 2006. Formal Methods for Open Object-Based Distributed Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2006, Bologna, Italy, June 14-16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vaidyanathan, S., 2016. A Novel 4-D Hyperchaotic Thermal Convection System and Its Adaptive Control, in: Azar, A.T., Vaidyanathan, S. (Eds.), Advances in Chaos Theory and Intelligent Control, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Image From Curiosity Rover Reveals Mysterious Light [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts (No. GAO-12-187T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, M., 2011. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Stellin, S., 2014. A Place to Stay and to Play. New York Times TR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowan-Robinson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010; Rowan-Robinson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawasaki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Pollution Bulletin
AbbreviationMar. Pollut. Bull.
ISSN (print)0025-326X
ScopeAquatic Science

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