How to format your references using the Marine Pollution Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Pollution Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeHaan, R.L., 2011. Science education. Teaching creative science thinking. Science 334, 1499–1500.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brandman, O., Meyer, T., 2008. Feedback loops shape cellular signals in space and time. Science 322, 390–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arp, G., Reimer, A., Reitner, J., 2001. Photosynthesis-induced biofilm calcification and calcium concentrations in Phanerozoic oceans. Science 292, 1701–1704.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farquhar, J., Peters, M., Johnston, D.T., Strauss, H., Masterson, A., Wiechert, U., Kaufman, A.J., 2007. Isotopic evidence for Mesoarchaean anoxia and changing atmospheric sulphur chemistry. Nature 449, 706–709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka, P., 2010. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Berger, T.W., 2008. Brain-Computer Interfaces: An International Assessment of Research and Development Trends. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Stephens, F.O., Aigner, K.R., 2016. Signs of Cancer: Local and General, in: Aigner, K.R. (Ed.), Basics of Oncology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Brilliant Gift Ideas For Science Fans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Rail Security: TSA Improved Risk Assessment but Could Further Improve Training and Information Sharing (No. GAO-11-688T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eastwood, J.L., 2010. The effects of an interdisciplinary undergraduate human biology program on socioscientific reasoning, content learning, and understanding of inquiry (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Kramer, A.E., Reed, S., 2017. Gazprom Makes Concessions to E.U., Defusing an Antitrust Standoff. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeHaan, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brandman and Meyer, 2008; DeHaan, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brandman and Meyer, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Farquhar et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Pollution Bulletin
AbbreviationMar. Pollut. Bull.
ISSN (print)0025-326X
ScopeAquatic Science

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