How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oster, G., 2002. Brownian ratchets: Darwin’s motors. Nature 417, 25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, R.G., Rivet, A.E., 2013. Science education. Science learning progressions. Science 339, 396–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorne, S.H., Negrin, R.S., Contag, C.H., 2006. Synergistic antitumor effects of immune cell-viral biotherapy. Science 311, 1780–1784.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greaves, S.J., Rose, R.A., Oliver, T.A.A., Glowacki, D.R., Ashfold, M.N.R., Harvey, J.N., Clark, I.P., Greetham, G.M., Parker, A.W., Towrie, M., Orr-Ewing, A.J., 2011. Vibrationally quantum-state-specific reaction dynamics of H atom abstraction by CN radical in solution. Science 331, 1423–1426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conrick, C., IV, Hanson, S., 2013. Vertical Option Spreads. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lieb, E.H., 2005. The Mathematics of the Bose Gas and its Condensation, Oberwolfach Seminars. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Attardi, G., Simi, M., Zanelli, A., 2013. Tuning DeSR for Dependency Parsing of Italian, in: Magnini, B., Cutugno, F., Falcone, M., Pianta, E. (Eds.), Evaluation of Natural Language and Speech Tools for Italian: International Workshop, EVALITA 2011, Rome, January 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Evidence for a rapid reversal of the geomagnetic field 41,000 years ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Aircraft Maintenance: Additional FAA Oversight Needed of Aging Aircraft Repairs (Vol. II) (No. RCED-91-91B). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickens, K.R., 2010. Factors influencing teacher job satisfaction and their alignment with current district practices in a suburban school district (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2012. Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team. New York Times A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oster, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan and Rivet, 2013; Oster, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan and Rivet, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Greaves et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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