How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aharonian, F., 2007. The very-high-energy gamma-ray sky. Science 315, 70–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulkarni, R.N., Kahn, C.R., 2004. Molecular biology. HNFs--linking the liver and pancreatic islets in diabetes. Science 303, 1311–1312.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee, R.A., Walker, F.J., Chisholm, M.F., 2001. Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science 293, 468–471.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mazmanian, S.K., Skaar, E.P., Gaspar, A.H., Humayun, M., Gornicki, P., Jelenska, J., Joachmiak, A., Missiakas, D.M., Schneewind, O., 2003. Passage of heme-iron across the envelope of Staphylococcus aureus. Science 299, 906–909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hines, M., 2015. Marketing implant dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gharibreza, M., 2014. Applied Limnology: Comprehensive View from Watershed to Lake. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Resmini, A., Rosati, L., 2010. The Semantic Environment: Heuristics for a Cross-Context Human–Information Interaction Model, in: Dubois, E., Gray, P., Nigay, L. (Eds.), The Engineering of Mixed Reality Systems, Human-Computer Interaction Series. Springer, London, pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Most Psychology Papers Can’t Be Reproduced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. College Savings Issues (No. HEHS-95-16R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham, R.B., 2012. Processing and inpainting of sparse data as applied to atomic force microscopy imaging (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Advice, and a Shop, for the Sleep-Deprived. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aharonian, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Aharonian, 2007; Kulkarni and Kahn, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kulkarni and Kahn, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazmanian et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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