How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, J., 2014. Developing excellence: Chinese university reform in three steps. Nature 514, 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beagle, S.D., Lockless, S.W., 2015. Microbiology: Electrical signalling goes bacterial. Nature 527, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper, C.B., Scammell, T.E., Lu, J., 2005. Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 437, 1257–1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, C., Wang, X., Zhang, W., Kang, F., 2013. Direct prototyping of patterned nanoporous carbon: a route from materials to on-chip devices. Sci. Rep. 3, 2294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, G.J., Doganaksoy, N., 2011. A Career in Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Winkler, D., Biffl, S., Bergsmann, J. (Eds.), 2015. Software Quality. Software and Systems Quality in Distributed and Mobile Environments: 7th International Conference, SWQD 2015, Vienna, Austria, January 20-23, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, H.D., Hays, S.R., 2011. Demographics of Chronic Pain in Children, in: McClain, B.C., Suresh, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Pediatric Chronic Pain: Current Science and Integrative Practice. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Camelopardalid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Use of Emergency Orders to Revoke or Suspend Operating Certificates (No. RCED-98-199). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff, A.K., 2010. Evaluating summer school programs and the effect on student achievement: The correlation between Stanford-10 standardized test scores and two different summer programs (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J., 2016. Trading a T Square for Showbiz. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Beagle and Lockless, 2015; Zhang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beagle and Lockless, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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