How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cressey, D., 2011. Animal research: Battle scars. Nature 470, 452–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ewing, R.C., Macfarlane, A., 2002. Nuclear waste. Yucca Mountain. Science 296, 659–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel, B.A., Robison, B.H., Haddock, S.H.D., 2005. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438, 929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamashita, A., Liu, S., Woltjen, K., Thomas, B., Meng, G., Hotta, A., Takahashi, K., Ellis, J., Yamanaka, S., Rancourt, D.E., 2013. Cartilage tissue engineering identifies abnormal human induced pluripotent stem cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R.E., Carraher, E., DeLisle, P., 2017. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bennetzen, J.L., Hake, S. (Eds.), 2009. Handbook of Maize: Genetics and Genomics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim, K., Milosevic, M., Brock, K., Fyles, A., 2011. Image-Guidance in External Beam Planning for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer, in: Viswanathan, A.N., Kirisits, C., Erickson, B.E., Pötter, R. (Eds.), Gynecologic Radiation Therapy: Novel Approaches to Image-Guidance and Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Meteorites Might Destroy Evidence Of Life On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Social Security Administration: Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner (No. T-AIMD-98-109). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederique, N.P., 2010. The effectiveness of school based intensive probation for reducing recidivism: An evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools program (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa, S., Hubbard, B., 2016. Blast ‘So Vile’ It Could Alter War in Yemen. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cressey, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cressey, 2011; Ewing and Macfarlane, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ewing and Macfarlane, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamashita et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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