How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, E.M., 2012. Genetics: broken giant linked to heart failure. Nature 483, 281–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vafai, S.B., Mootha, V.K., 2012. Mitochondrial disorders as windows into an ancient organelle. Nature 491, 374–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, A., Shennan, S., Thomas, M.G., 2009. Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science 324, 1298–1301.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pavithra, C.L.P., Sarada, B.V., Rajulapati, K.V., Rao, T.N., Sundararajan, G., 2014. A new electrochemical approach for the synthesis of copper-graphene nanocomposite foils with high hardness. Sci. Rep. 4, 4049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, E., 2012. Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dincer, I., Hepbasli, A., Midilli, A., Karakoc, T.H. (Eds.), 2010. Global Warming: Engineering Solutions, Green Energy and Technology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Uslaner, E.M., 2016. Who Do You Trust?, in: Shockley, E., Neal, T.M.S., PytlikZillig, L.M., Bornstein, B.H. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Trust: Towards Theoretical and Methodological Integration. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists May Have Solved Origins Of Mysterious Feature In Venus’ Atmosphere [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Secretary of the Senate Accountability as of March 31, 1977 (No. GGD-77-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monteiro, K.R., 2012. An experimental study of corrective feedback on synchronous oral computer-mediated communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McNally, 2012; Vafai and Mootha, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vafai and Mootha, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Pavithra et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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