How to format your references using the Marine Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2012. Science should be ready to jump off “the cliff.” Nature 491, 639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, V.F.M., Lee, R.T., 2008. Stem-cell therapy for cardiac disease. Nature 451, 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fricke, H.C., Hencecroth, J., Hoerner, M.E., 2011. Lowland-upland migration of sauropod dinosaurs during the Late Jurassic epoch. Nature 480, 513–515.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Geleziunas, R., Xu, W., Takeda, K., Ichijo, H., Greene, W.C., 2001. HIV-1 Nef inhibits ASK1-dependent death signalling providing a potential mechanism for protecting the infected host cell. Nature 410, 834–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadwick, P., 2008. Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Osinga, S., Hofstede, G.J., Verwaart, T. (Eds.), 2011. Emergent Results of Artificial Economics, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gutierrez, A., Correa, T., Muñoz, V., Santibañez, A., Marcos, R., Cáceres, C., Buschmann, A.H., 2007. Farming of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera in southern Chile for development of novel food products, in: Anderson, R., Brodie, J., Onsøyen, E., Critchley, A.T. (Eds.), Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium, Held in Bergen, Norway, 20 – 25 June 2004, Developments in Applied Phycology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Healthcare’s Dirty Little Secret: Results From Many Clinical Trials Are Unreliable [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility (No. GAO-15-158). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver, A., 2017. From under the blanket (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., Wang, V., 2017. They Don’t Ride the Subway, Though Its Future Rides on Them. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2012; Segers and Lee, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers and Lee, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Geleziunas et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Genomics
AbbreviationMar. Genomics
ISSN (print)1874-7787
ScopeAquatic Science

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