How to format your references using the Longevity Sciences and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Longevity Sciences and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lamb S. Walking with producers. Nature 2001;412:277.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stone R, Lavine M. Robots. The social life of robots. Introduction. Science 2014;346:178–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
López CA, de Vries AH, Marrink SJ. Computational microscopy of cyclodextrin mediated cholesterol extraction from lipid model membranes. Sci Rep 2013;3:2071.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Saitoh E, Miyajima H, Yamaoka T, Tatara G. Current-induced resonance and mass determination of a single magnetic domain wall. Nature 2004;432:203–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Randall JF. Designing Indoor Solar Products. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Giannotti F, Pedreschi D, editors. Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Alpay D, Colombo F, Sabadini I. Finite-dimensional Preliminaries. In: Colombo F, Sabadini I, editors. Slice Hyperholomorphic Schur Analysis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Longevity Sciences and Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. GM Mosquitoes Set To Be Released In Brazil To Combat Dengue. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gm-mosquitoes-set-be-released-brazil-combat-dengue/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zatolokin A. Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
David Goodman J. Focus in Subway Shooting Is on Whether Deadly Force Was Justified. New York Times 2015:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLongevity Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (print)2213-655X
Scope

Other styles