How to format your references using the Longevity Sciences and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Longevity Sciences and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dyson F. A meeting with Enrico Fermi. Nature 2004;427:297.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kimura S, Yoshioka K. Parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone type-1 receptor accelerate myocyte differentiation. Sci Rep 2014;4:5066.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Orlitsky A, Santhanam NP, Zhang J. Always Good Turing: asymptotically optimal probability estimation. Science 2003;302:427–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lei Y, Huang Z-H, Yang Y, Shen W, Zheng Y, Sun H, et al. Porous mesocarbon microbeads with graphitic shells: constructing a high-rate, high-capacity cathode for hybrid supercapacitor. Sci Rep 2013;3:2477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Katsilambros N, Kanaka-Gantenbein C, Liatis S, Makrilakis K, Tentolouris N. Diabetic Emergencies. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Matsuura K, Fujisaki E, editors. Advances in Information and Computer Security: Third International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2008, Kagawa, Japan, November 25-27, 2008. Proceedings. vol. 5312. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bouhafs F, Mackay M, Merabti M. Communication Solutions for Backhaul and Wide Area Networks. In: Mackay M, Merabti M, editors. Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Longevity Sciences and Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Distant Exoplanets Around Other Stars More Likely To Be Ice Giants Like Neptune. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Elementary and Secondary Education: Ed-Flex States Vary in Implementation of Waiver Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Proser M. Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Sam Shepard, Roaming Utterly Wild. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLongevity Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (print)2213-655X
Scope

Other styles