How to format your references using the Longevity Sciences and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Longevity Sciences and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rasmussen B. Filamentous microfossils in a 3,235-million-year-old volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit. Nature 2000;405:676–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Payne JL, Wagner A. The robustness and evolvability of transcription factor binding sites. Science 2014;343:875–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lieberman E, Hauert C, Nowak MA. Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 2005;433:312–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Liu B-H, Wißmann S, Hu X-M, Zhang C, Huang Y-F, Li C-F, et al. Locality and universality of quantum memory effects. Sci Rep 2014;4:6327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ciana P. New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Bobenko AI, editor. Advances in Discrete Differential Geometry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Carlier M-F, Helfer E, Wade R, Haraux F. Living Nanomachines. In: Boisseau P, Houdy P, Lahmani M, editors. Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 171–222.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Longevity Sciences and Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Ban On GM Crops In Europe Should Be Rethought, Says Royal Society. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/royal-society-tackles-gm-crop-concerns-expert-scientists/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Computer Operations and Data Processing Activities at the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Marjanovic SY. The Role of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein in Regulating T Cell Programmed Cell Death Mechanisms and Implications for Autoimmunity in the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sisario B. Frank Ocean Takes Unusual Journey to No. 1. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLongevity Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (print)2213-655X
Scope

Other styles