How to format your references using the Laser Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron J L 2005 Wit and wisdom Nature 438 29
A journal article with 2 authors
Kollatschny W and Zetzl M 2011 Broad-line active galactic nuclei rotate faster than narrow-line ones Nature 470 366–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Tenenbaum J B, de Silva V and Langford J C 2000 A global geometric framework for nonlinear dimensionality reduction Science 290 2319–23
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hidalgo C A, Klinger B, Barabási A-L and Hausmann R 2007 The product space conditions the development of nations Science 317 482–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro P F 2016 Plastics Product Design (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Ho T-B and Zhou Z-H 2008 PRICAI 2008: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 10th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 15-19, 2008. Proceedings vol 5351 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hanneforth T 2009 fsm2 – A Scripting Language for Creating Weighted Finite-State Morphologies State of the Art in Computational Morphology: Workshop on Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology, SFCM 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, September 4, 2009. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science ed C Mahlow and M Piotrowski (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 48–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics Letters.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Physicists Observe Particle That Is Also An Antiparticle IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982 GAO Reports Concerning Federal Student Financial Aid Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent P S 2012 The State of Chaos Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shoumali K and Hubbard B 2017 U.S. Strike on Syria Fuels Uncertainty on the Ground New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics Letters
AbbreviationLaser Phys. Lett.
ISSN (print)1612-2011
ISSN (online)1612-202X
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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