How to format your references using the Laser Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collinge J 2010 Medicine. Prion strain mutation and selection Science 328 1111–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung K W and Nunnari J 2003 The division of endosymbiotic organelles Science 302 1698–704
A journal article with 3 authors
Gagnon K, Chadwell C D and Norabuena E 2005 Measuring the onset of locking in the Peru-Chile trench with GPS and acoustic measurements Nature 434 205–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kohyama M, Ise W, Edelson B T, Wilker P R, Hildner K, Mejia C, Frazier W A, Murphy T L and Murphy K M 2009 Role for Spi-C in the development of red pulp macrophages and splenic iron homeostasis Nature 457 318–21

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops S and Killops V 2004 Introduction to Organic Geochemistry (Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.)
An edited book
Renals S and Bengio S 2006 Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction: Second International Workshop, MLMI 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 11-13, 2005, Revised Selected Papers vol 3869 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Lee D and Choi K 2015 Energy-Efficient Partitioning of Hybrid Caches in Multi-core Architecture VLSI-SoC: Internet of Things Foundations: 22nd IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2014, Playa del Carmen, Mexico, October 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ed L Claesen, M-T Sanz-Pascual, R Reis and A Sarmiento-Reyes (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 58–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Born to Win: Top Athletes Don’t Share a Single Talent Gene, but Hundreds of Them IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1985 Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater M R 2009 Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J 2016 Yankees Trade McCann to the Astros New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics Letters
AbbreviationLaser Phys. Lett.
ISSN (print)1612-2011
ISSN (online)1612-202X
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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