How to format your references using the Laser Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D 2013 Science’s rightful place is in service of society Nature 502 595
A journal article with 2 authors
Vendruscolo M and Dobson C M 2006 Structural biology. Dynamic visions of enzymatic reactions Science 313 1586–7
A journal article with 3 authors
García-Ruiz J M, Melero-García E and Hyde S T 2009 Morphogenesis of self-assembled nanocrystalline materials of barium carbonate and silica Science 323 362–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rosas A, Ríos L, Estalrrich A, Liversidge H, García-Tabernero A, Huguet R, Cardoso H, Bastir M, Lalueza-Fox C, de la Rasilla M and Dean C 2018 Response to Comment on “The growth pattern of Neandertals, reconstructed from a juvenile skeleton from El Sidrón (Spain)” Science 359

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abutarbush S M 2015 Illustrated Guide to Equine Diseases (Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Weyandt L L 2013 College Students with ADHD: Current Issues and Future Directions ed G J DuPaul (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Miguel A F 2012 Lungs as a Natural Porous Media: Architecture, Airflow Characteristics and Transport of Suspended Particles Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media Advanced Structured Materials ed J M P Q Delgado (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 115–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E 2013 Origin of flowers has been discovered IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Intelligent Transportation Systems: Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Technologies Expected to Offer Benefits, but Deployment Challenges Exist (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila B 2013 Comparison of paternal and maternal involvement in a government funded home-based intervention program: A multivariate analysis of parent gender, child gender and age of the child Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy J and Schwartz J 2016 U.S. Suspends Pipeline Work in Tribes’ Path New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics Letters
AbbreviationLaser Phys. Lett.
ISSN (print)1612-2011
ISSN (online)1612-202X
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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