How to format your references using the Laser Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laser Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Douglas T 2003 Materials science. A bright bio-inspired future Science 299 1192–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Lionetti D and Agapie T 2014 Inorganic chemistry: How calcium affects oxygen formation Nature 513 495–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Stanley J D, Goddio F and Schnepp G 2001 Nile flooding sank two ancient cities Nature 412 293–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wang S, Huang J, He Y and Guan Y 2014 Combined effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on global land dry-wet changes Sci. Rep. 4 6651

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone J and Vaidya N 2016 Cultural Transformations (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Siddharthan N and Narayanan K 2013 Human Capital and Development: The Indian Experience (New Delhi: Springer India)
A chapter in an edited book
Lee C K 2014 Signal Analysis: Acquisition, Storage, and Analysis of Physiological Signals Monitoring Technologies in Acute Care Environments: A Comprehensive Guide to Patient Monitoring Technology ed J M Ehrenfeld and M Cannesson (New York, NY: Springer) pp 29–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laser Physics Letters.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Caterpillars Disarm Corn With Their Poop IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 U.S. Postal Service: Postal and Telecommunications Sector Representation in International Organizations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savvas C 2010 Hydroclimate variability and landuse effects on nutrient export from watersheds in the mid-Atlantic United States Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker A L 2014 Nebraska University Chief Is Chosen to Lead CUNY New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaser Physics Letters
AbbreviationLaser Phys. Lett.
ISSN (print)1612-2011
ISSN (online)1612-202X
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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